Chapter 1 - Chapter 1: Perspectives on Sexuality The two...

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Chapter 1: Perspectives on Sexuality The two characteristics of Sexual Intelligence: 1. Understanding oneself sexually 2. Having interpersonal sexual skills and integrity 3. Depends on having accurate scientific knowledge about sexuality a. Great leaps in sexual science allow us to know about what happens to our bodies during sexual arousal and how to enhance pleasure (from biological components to sexual orientation) and about how to best protect ourselves and others from sexually transmitted infections (STI’s) 4. 4 th component is the critical consideration of the broader cultural, political, and legal contexts of sexual issues a. “conscious clause” law controversy – inconsistent laws from one state to another Controversy and Diversity in Human Sexuality Virtually no universals in sexual attitudes and experiences Diversity Within the United States People with more education masturbate more often than people with less education Asian Americans – have more conservative sexual attitudes and are less likely to engage in pre-marital intercourse Hispanic culture – often endorses sexual exploration for males but places a high value on chastity before marriage for women Degree of acculturation – replacing traditional beliefs and behavior patterns with those of the dominant culture – also creates differences within subcultures. Recent immigrants – close to the traditional values of their places of origin U.S. population – mainly multiracial/multiethnic Diversity within religion in the United States Catholics – traditional roman catholic view condemns all sexual activity that does not potentially lead to procreation – 75% of the Catholics in the US believe that one can be a good Catholic and use birth control Fundamentalist Christians – sexual intercourse before marriage is sinful – may oppose the use of birth control Liberal Christianity – emphasizes caring in a relationship and appreciates how contraception can enhance sexual intimacy Orthodox Jews – forbids sexual intercourse during menstruation Reform Jews – allows for individual preferences Fundamentalists are far more restrictive of sexual behavior and roles for men and women than are their more-liberal counterparts A Psychosocial Orientation Psychosocial – refers to a combination of psychological and social factors that have a crucial impact on sexual attitudes, values, and behaviors Psychological factors – emotions, attitudes, motivations Social conditioning – the process by which we learn our social groups’ expectations and norms Biological foundations – roles of hormones and the nervous system, the biological components of sexual orientation, theories about the role of genetic selection through
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Chapter 1: Perspectives on Sexuality thousands of years of human evolution and the impact of specific genetic variables on an individual.
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This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course SPAN 1512 at South Plains College.

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Chapter 1 - Chapter 1: Perspectives on Sexuality The two...

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