Social Psychology Test 1 - Social Psychology 1 Social...

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Social Psychology 1/18/2011 1. Social Influence a. Mere presence of others b. Words, actions, and the presence of others has on our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. b.i. We NEED contact with other humans b.ii. Susceptible to their influences Even from just mere presence b.iii. Studying prejudice/discrimination b.iv. Like/Hurt/Help others 2. Defined Social Psychology a. Try and answer questions through a scientific study of our own thoughts, feelings, or behaviors are influenced by the real or imagined presence of other. a.i. Requires more than conventional wisdom a.ii. Culturally bound – possible drawback 3. Relation to Personality Psychology – individual differences a. Look at aspects that tend to be stable and long lasting b. Differences in personality characteristics that tend to be stable over time b.i. Low = themselves in any situation b.ii. In Between b.iii. High = Social chameleon c. Personality characteristic can perceive how we see the word c.i. Optimism vs. Pessimism 4. Relation to Sociology – conventional wisdom a. Study many similar things from different points of views a.i. Sociology – large groups, collective observation a.ii. Social Psychology = more interested in influences/affects of group on an individual’s way of thinking, how they feel/behave a.iii. Socioeconomic status = sociology a.iv. Mood = Social Psychology 5. Brief Histoy a. Norman Triplett – 1 st SP experiment (1800’s) a.i. Large number of people interested in bicycle races a.ii. Times faster with a crowd against each other a.iii. Found early evidence of social facilitation b. Adolf Hitler influenced social psychology b.i. Influence about social influence b.ii. Conformity, violence, obedience, etc. b.iii. Large study followed 20-30 years c. Lewin – settled 1 st lab c.i. Large influence towards fundamental principles c.ii. What we do depends to how we see and interpret the world c.iii. Our behaviors are a function of the interaction between the environment and the person c.iv. Internal and external variables c.v. Should be applied to important practical issues.
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6. Big Ideas in Social Psychology a. Social constructionism – construal’s, origin, natural motivations b. Is an objective reality c. Have to some degree our own social realities – social constructionism d. Interpretations of world is what differs e. Have our own social realities so we perceive and interpret our social world differently f. Come from motivations that we have g. We all want 4 things: g.i. Uniqueness g.ii. Feelings of being longed g.iii. Be right – accurate g.iv. Feel good about ourselves (self-esteem approach) h. Social cognition – think of things around us.
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Research Methods 01/20/2011 1. Hindsight bias: is the inclination to see events that have occurred as being more predictable than they were before they took place.
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