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Civil Liberties-post - CivilLiberties:Chapter4...

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Civil Liberties: Chapter 4
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Civil Liberties & Public Opinion
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Liberty vs. Security
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Civil Liberties n Freedoms Delineated in Bill of Rights n Generally Prohibit Government Actions n Not Absolute Rights n Nationalization of Civil Liberties n Shift from State to National Jurisdiction n Long evolutionary process n Bill of Rights Constrains Majority n Ex. 1st Amendment: “Congress Shall Make No  Law…” n Questions over interpretations persist n Establishment Clause, Cruel & Unusual Punishment
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Liberties n Initially, not a big concern for Framers n Bill of Rights unnecessary (see Federalist 84) n Anti-Federalist Argued Strongly for Bill of  Rights n Inclusion best described as concession to  encourage ratification n Anti-Federalists Not strongly supportive of  move to apply Bill of Rights to states.
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Civil Liberties: The Early Years n Application of freedoms in Bill of Rights  very Limited n Prior to Civil War, Applied to Federal Gov’t,  but not to States n For First 100 yrs of US History, Power  Resided at STATE level
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Liberties n Barron v. Baltimore (1833) n Actions of Baltimore harmed Barron’s  business n Court Rules Bill of Rights (5th Amendment in  this case) applied only to  federal  government n Fourteenth Amendment  n Due Process, Equal Protection 
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This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course POLS 1301 at Texas Tech.

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Civil Liberties-post - CivilLiberties:Chapter4...

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