pols review 1

pols review 1 - Review Sheet: Exam 1 Checks and Balances: a...

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Review Sheet: Exam 1 Checks and Balances: a system in which each branch of government has some power over the others Collective Action Problem: a situation in which the members of a group would benefit by working together to produce some outcome, but each individual is better off refusing to cooperate and reaping benefits from those who do the work. Conservative: one side of the ideological spectrum defined by support for lower taxes, a free market, and a more limited government; generally associated with republicans. Culture Wars: political conflict in the United States between “red state” Americans who tend to have strong religious beliefs and “blue state” Americans who tend to be more secular. Economic Individualism: the autonomy of individuals to manage their own financial decisions without government interference Factions: groups of like-minded people who try to influence the government. American government is set up to avoid combination by any one of these groups Federalism: the division of power across the local, state, and national levels of government Free Market: an economic system based on competition between businesses without government interference Free Rider Problem: the incentive to benefit from others’ work without contributing that leads individuals in a collective action situation to refuse to work together Government: the system for implementing decisions made through the political process Ideology: a cohesive set of ideas and beliefs used to organize and evaluate the political world Liberal: one side of the ideological spectrum defined by support for stronger government programs and more market regulation; generally associated with Democrats. Libertarians: those who prefer very limited government and therefore tend to be quite conservative on issues such as welfare policy, environmental policy, and public support for education, but very liberal on issues of personal liberty like free speech, abortion, and the legalization of drugs.
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Review Sheet: Exam 1 Melting Pot: The idea that as different racial and ethnic groups come to America, they should assimilate into American culture, leaving their native languages, customs, and traditions behind. Politics: the process that determines what government does. Positive Externalities: benefits created by a public good that are shared by the primary consumer of the good and by society more generally Public Goods: services or actions (such as protecting the environment) that, once provided to one person, become available to everyone. Government is typically needed to provide public goods because they will be under-produced by the free market. Redistributive Tax Policy:
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This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course POLS 1301 at Texas Tech.

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pols review 1 - Review Sheet: Exam 1 Checks and Balances: a...

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