Chapter 6 - Chapter 6: The Media The News Media in America...

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Chapter 6: The Media The News Media in America Mass media: sources like newspapers, television networks, radio stations, and Web sites, that provide information to the average citizen. Pennsylvania Gazette: published by Ben Franklin beginning in 1729 Earliest newspaper Relatively low circulations Available only in major cities New York Tribune – Horace Greeley Strongly anti-slavery Penny press: a term describing reduced-price newspapers sold for one cent in the 1830s, when more efficient printing presses made newspapers available to a larger segment of the population. Wire service: an organization that gathers news and sells it to other media outlets. The invention of the telegraph in the early 1800s made this type of service possible Yellow journalism: a style of newspaper popular in the late 1800s, featuring sensationalized stories, bold headlines, and illustrations in order to increase readership. New York Journal – William Randolph Hearst Investigative journalists (muckrakers): reporters who dig deeply into a particular topic of public concern, often targeting government failures and inefficiencies. Lincoln Steffens – criticized corruption in municipal governments Upton Sinclair – raised concerns about food safety and public health Federal Communications Commission (FCC): a government agency created in 1934 to regulate American radio stations, and later expanded to regulate television, wireless communications technologies, and other broadcast media. Broadcast media: communications technologies, such as television and radio, that transmit information over airwaves. Fairness doctrine: An FCC regulation requiring broadcast media to present several points of view to ensure balanced coverage o Created in the late 1940s and eliminated in 1987 Equal time provision: an FCC regulation requiring broadcast media to provide equal airtime on any non-news programming to all candidates running for an office. Deregulation
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This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course POLS 1301 at Texas Tech.

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Chapter 6 - Chapter 6: The Media The News Media in America...

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