Chapter 7 - Chapter 7: Political Parties What Are Political...

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Chapter 7: Political Parties What Are Political Parties? Nodes: groups of people who belong to, are candidates of, or work for a political party, but do not necessarily work together or hold similar policy preferences. Party organization: a specific political party’s leaders and workers at the national, state, and local levels. Party in government: the group of officeholders who belong to a specific political party and were elected as candidates of that party. Part in the electorate: the group of citizens who identify with a specific political party. History of American Political Parties Party system: a period of time in which the names of the major political parties, their supporters, and the issues dividing them remain relatively stable. First (1789-1828) Federalists , Jeffersonian Democratic-Republicans Key issues: o Location of the capital o Financial issues (e.g., national bank) Second (1829-1856) Democrats , Whigs Key issues: o Tariffs (farmers vs. merchants) o Slavery Third (1857-1892) Democrats, Republicans Key issues: o Slavery (pre-Civil War) o Reconstruction (post-Civil War) o Industrialization Fourth (1893-1932) Democrats, Republicans Key issues: o Industrialization o Immigration Fifth (1933-1968) Democrats , Republicans Key issues: o Size and scope of the federal government Sixth (1969-present) Democrats, republicans (neither party is dominant) Key issues: o Size of the federal government o Civil rights o Individual liberties (e.g., abortion) o Foreign policy (e.g., Mid-East relations
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Chapter 7: Political Parties Party principle: the idea that a political party exists as an organization distinct from its elected officials or party leaders Spoils system: the practice of rewarding party supporters with benefits like federal government position New Deal Coalition: the assemblage of groups who aligned with and supported the Democratic Party in support of New Deal policies during the fifth party system, including African Americans, Catholics, Jewish people, union members, and white southerners. Parties in service:
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This document was uploaded on 10/26/2011 for the course POLS 1301 at Texas Tech.

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Chapter 7 - Chapter 7: Political Parties What Are Political...

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