Organic review - Organic compounds Friedrich Wohler used...

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Organic compounds Friedrich Wohler used ammonium cyanate to synthesize urea States, densities, m.p. and b.p. explained by London dispersion forces, non-polar Uses of organic compounds: heat/electrical energy, industry chemical synthesis (plastics, synthetic fibres, medicines), non-renewable source of fuel Fractional distillation: separation by different boiling temperatures Unsaturated hydrocarbons Formed during cracking of crude oil Molecular structures Aromatic compounds: planar Methane: tetrahedral Ethene: trigonal planar Ethyne: linear Cyclic compounds Cycloalkanes, cycloalkenes, aromatic compounds Alkenes Have geometric isomers – same molecular formula but position of groups differ with regard to the double bond
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