9-6 - Nature vs Nurture Nature • Human anatomy is the...

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Preference for the savanna landscape over any other kind of landscape grasslands with scattered clumps of trees the transition from open cores twits grassy undergrowth to savanna is gradual and is determined by duration and severity of dry season, fire, and grazing (animal population) food sources for humans (scavenging and hunting) views and grassy ground cover are good for nomadic life trees for shade and protection Why do we prefer some environments over others? Topophilia- Yi Fu Tuan: affective bond between people and place or setting; human love of place Aesthetic experience- human appreciation to natural surroundings Emotional attachment (other meanings) Evolutionary theories - innate or preferences trained into us through survival Evolved Responses to Environment Evolutionary approaches to aesthetics are based on the postulate that emotional responses, because they are motivators of human behavior, could not have evolved unless the behavior they evoked contributed to success in survival and reproduction
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Unformatted text preview: Nature vs. Nurture Nature • Human anatomy is the result of selection and adaptation. Characteristics that account for success in evolution: ⁃ developed brain ⁃ opposable thumb ⁃ bipedal locomotion ⁃ molar dentition ⁃ technology ⁃ sexual and reproductive behavior • innate behaviors (fear of falling, crying from pain, etc) Nurture • Culture (social cushion) ⁃ childhood training by family and community Prospect Refuge theory: People prefer places that are protected but with a view outward • Refuge: small and dark • Prospect: expanding, bright • survey • retreat • juxtaposition Preference • Without realizing it, humans interpret the environment in terms of their needs and prefer settings in which they are likely to function more effectively Impelling form • Conspicuous Non-consumption (Thayer 1980) • Sustainable practices and technologies evolving from negative "ugly" to "beautiful", and wasteful practices becoming "ugly"...
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9-6 - Nature vs Nurture Nature • Human anatomy is the...

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