Important%20concepts%20and%20vocabulary%20for%20the%20First%20Midterm-1

Important%20concepts%20and%20vocabulary%20for%20the%20First%20Midterm-1

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Important concepts and vocabulary from Lecture 2: The Geometric Period Polis The political concept of a city and its surrounding territory. Throughout the Geometric period, we see increasing evidence of the development of this system of interrelationship between city and territory. Geometric pottery – this style of pottery is characterized by the use of ‘painted’ ornamentation on ceramics that take the form of highly complex geometric designs. The decoration is not technically paint, but rather a slip – a technique of using a washing of thinner clay on the surface of fired vessels to produce tonal variation. The painted decoration of geometric pottery, especially when used as burial markers, appears to imitate textile patterns. The Tomb of the Rich Athenian Lady: This grave is one of the more famous examples of graves from this period. The inclusion of large amounts of valuable metals and luxurious imported items suggests that burial increasingly is used during this period to express social differentiation between class groups. Recent re-analysis of the burial reveals that the woman was either pregnant at the time of burial or had just given birth. Pedestal Kraters: A form of vessel, usually quite large, used as a burial marker over some graves in Geometric period Athens. Such vessels are perforated at the point of attachment between the bowl and the base to allow for libations to be poured into the bowl and down into the grave. This practice relates to an increased desire by members of the community to perform rituals related to the veneration of their ancestry – a principle concern within communities governed by developing aristocracies. Lecture #3: Urbanism and the Growth of Cities The Potnia Theron . This image is adopted by populations in Greece to represent a number of goddesses, all of whom are related to different facets of female fertility. The importance of this image relates to ideas initially introduced in lecture 2 concerning the development of aristocratic governments in Geometric period Greece, wherein such family groups develop an acute interest in both presenting their personal and familial ancestry but also in emphasizing ideas of fertility so as to ensure the projection of their family line into the future. The Potnia Theron, or Mistress of Animals, is a fundamental expression of this idea. However, it is a foreign motif – one adopted from eastern sources – thus the term ‘Orientalizing’ (i.e. from the East) comes to associated with this period and much of the material development of it. Proto-Attic pottery: The development of Proto-Attic pottery was also discussed in this lecture.
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Important%20concepts%20and%20vocabulary%20for%20the%20First%20Midterm-1

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