Review%20for%20Exam1%2c%20Spr.%202010

Review%20for%20Exam1%2c%20Spr.%202010 - Who should use the...

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Review for Examination 1, Spring Semester, 2010 Part 1. The Beginnings in Context. What conditions made public speaking skills important in Athens? What happened in Syracuse that started the Sophistic Movement? Part 2. The Sophistic Movement. What was common to all the Sophists? Ways of teaching. Focus on probabilities. What were the two different emphases in these schools? Why did many Athenians fear the Sophistic Movement? How did Gorgias justify his disregard for Truth? The paradoxes The limits of language. What important questions did the Encomium on Helen of Troy raise? Part 3. The Socratic – Platonic Reaction. Why did Socrates start his quest for the wise man? How did Socrates’ dialectical method work? How did Socrates use dialectic to attack rhetoric? How did Plato extend Socrates’ dialectical method?. What was Plato’s position on Language and Truth? How and why did Plato change his view of rhetoric? How did analogy with geometry work to justify the existence of the “forms?”
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Unformatted text preview: Who should use the art of rhetoric in the ideal political system? What should leaders do if the public does not understand the Truth? Part 4. Aristotle . What made Aristotle’s background different from the Sophists, Socrates, and Plato? What were the 3 kinds of arts, and what makes them different? What is Aristotle’s doctrine of “substance?” What are the causes of change? What are the materials of proof? What are the forms of proof? Know the differences among Inductions, proof by example, syllogisms & Enthymemes. What is needed for audience analysis? What does the audience already believe? What interests are represented in the audience? What is the first virtue of style? How did Aristotle defend wide-spread participation in government? How did Aristotle go arguing what is “good” in life?...
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course CLASSICS 103 at UMass (Amherst).

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