10 Bronfenbrenner

10 Bronfenbrenner - SFL 354 SFL Bronfenbrenner Reading...

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Unformatted text preview: SFL 354 SFL Bronfenbrenner Reading What? What? What What have you experienced in other cultures that seems different, curious or just plain weird? just What? What? What What have you experienced in other cultures that seems different, curious or just plain weird? just What from American culture seems What different, curious or just plain weird? different, Why? Why? Theory Theory helps us come up with an explanation for why. why. Theory is defined as a set of hypotheses or Theory assumptions about behavior. assumptions We use theory in the study of human We development for the purposes of: development Understanding behavior Explaining behavior Predicting behavior Controlling behavior What and Why? What Many Many women go to the restroom in groups? Why groups? It is insulting in some Asian countries to It display the bottom of your shoe to people. Why? Why? Rates of inter-racial marriage in the U.S. Rates are increasing. Why? are Theories Theories Psychological Psychological theories, focusing on the individual with primary attention to internal cognitive processes: cognitive Piaget Kohlberg Erikson Interactionist Interactionist theories, focusing on the interaction of the individual and environment: interaction Bronfenbrenner Super and Harkness Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model Bronfenbrenner’s Basic Assumptions: Human Human beings both create, and are shaped by, their both environment . The term for this is…? environment Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model Bronfenbrenner’s Basic Assumptions: Human Human beings both create, and are shaped by, their environment . The term for this is…? environment Reciprocity. What What evidence/experience to you have this is the case? Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model Bronfenbrenner’s Basic Assumptions: Human Human beings both create, and are shaped by, their both environment . The term for this is…? environment Reciprocity. Consequently, Consequently, behavior/development is viewed as the result of individual and environmental characteristics; or as Lewin stated in equation form, B = f(PE), (PE), Behavior is a function of the interaction between person and environment. person Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model Bronfenbrenner’s Basic Assumptions: An An individual’s perception of the environment is often more important than the “objective reality.” In this sense, value is placed on the person’s phenomenological view of their environment. phenomenological What What evidence do you have that this is a reasonable assumption? assumption? Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model Bronfenbrenner’s Basic He He Assumptions: stated that much of contemporary “developmental psychology, as it now exists, is the science of the strange behaviors of children in strange situations with strange adults for the briefest possible periods of time.” time.” What is he referring to with this comment? Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model Bronfenbrenner’s Basic Assumptions: He He stated that much of contemporary “developmental psychology, as it now exists, is the science of the strange behaviors of children in strange situations with strange adults for the briefest possible periods of time.” time.” How How does Bronfenbrenner’s model correct for this? Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model Bronfenbrenner’s Basic Assumptions: He He stated that much of contemporary “developmental psychology, as it now exists, is the science of the strange behaviors of children in strange situations with strange adults for the briefest possible periods of time.” time.” His His model corrects for this: By emphasizing the effect of indirect, but powerful, impact of other systems including the overall culture in which the individual and his/her behavior is imbedded. and Bronfenbrenner’s Bio-Ecological Model Model The The Individual/Biological contribution (e.g., sex, Individual/Biological health, age, personality/temperament). health, The Microsystem – a pattern of activities, roles, The Microsystem and interpersonal relations experienced by the experienced developing person in a given setting with particular physical and material characteristics. Bronfenbrenner’s Bio-Ecological Model Model The Microsystem involves the direct, face-toface contacts between child and immediate face immediate surroundings and the resulting behaviors (e.g., resulting dependence, competition). dependence, What does your Microsystem consist of? Bronfenbrenner’s Bio-Ecological Model Model Mesosystem Mesosystem – comprises the interrelations among 2 or more settings in which the developing person actively participates. participates. Conceptual notion that there are linkages Conceptual and processes taking place between 2 or more of the microsystem-level influences. more Bronfenbrenner’s Bio-Ecological Model Model Mesosystem Mesosystem – comprises the interrelations among 2 or more settings in which the developing person actively participates. participates. Conceptual notion that there are linkages Conceptual and processes taking place between 2 or more of the microsystem-level influences. more How does this function in your case? Bronfenbrenner’s Bio-Ecological Model Model Exosystem Exosystem – one or more settings that do not involve the developing person as an active active participant, but in which events occur that affect, or are affected by, what happens in the setting containing the developing person. At this level, events occur that indirectly At influence processes within the person’s immediate setting. immediate Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model Bronfenbrenner’s Exosystem Exosystem examples can include “peer spillover” effect and the “work spillover” effect. effect. What is this for you? Bronfenbrenner’s Bio-Ecological Model Model Macrosystem Macrosystem (1993 definition) – consists of the overarching pattern of micro/meso and exosystemic characteristics of a given culture, with particular reference to the belief systems, resources, hazards, lifestyles, opportunity structures, life course options and patterns of social exchange that are embedded in the overarching systems. The most removed, the most abstract-level The influences. Bronfenbrenner’s Bio-Ecological Model Model What What macro-systemic cultural values do you and your microsystem benefit from and/or struggle with? with? Bronfenbrenner’s Bio-Ecological Model Model Chronosystem – includes time and sociohistorical conditions linked to individual historical development; designed to permit “one to identify the impact of prior life events and experiences, singly or sequentially, on subsequent development.” development.” Normative versus non-normative Individual versus external An overextension for the sake of universality? Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model Bronfenbrenner’s Other terms to know and understand: Ecological transition Ecological validity Developmental validity Transforming experiment – consider why this type of Transforming experiment would be more likely to occur in a Soviet/Communist state than in the U.S.. Soviet/Communist ...
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This document was uploaded on 10/28/2011 for the course PSYCH 341 at BYU.

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