Study guide exam 2 320, f11

Study guide exam 2 320, f11 - Developmental Psychology 320,...

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Developmental Psychology 320, Exam 3 Study Guide, Fall 2011, Higley/Sorenson Chapter 4 1. List and describe each stage of labor. How are babies equipped to withstand the trauma of labor? 2. Describe the Apgar scale and what it is used for. What do the different ratings indicate? 3. What is the Brazelton scale? What is it used for? Contrast with Apgar test. 4. Define and describe each of the methods of/ approaches to childbirth. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each. 5. What medical changes have been made in the past century to protect the mother and baby during childbirth? How has this affected the use of instruments? 6. What types of medication for pain are available to a mother during childbirth? 7. What is induced labor and what are some benefits and risks to the process? How is it induced? What factors make a cesarean birth necessary? What are the risks and benefits with this birthing option? 8. Why is oxygen deprivation such a concern for a baby? What are the short- and long-term effects of anoxia? What can be done to prevent its damages? 9. What are some risk factors for pelvic floor system? 10. Know the risks for preterm or small-for-date babies (short term and long term). Know average weights for normal/preterm births? What interventions can be used and how can proper caregiving or parenting help these babies? How does the self-righting reflex help? 11. Study the reflexes that are present as a newborn. Know table 4.2. What is the adaptive value of reflexes and why are they important to assess? 12. How do the states of arousal differ for newborns and what sleep wake cycle do they typically follow? How does this change? What effects the cycles? 13. Review REM vs. NREM sleep in infants. How do they differ from adults? Know about things like dreaming, function of sleep, SIDS, effect of sleep irregularities, preterm babies, brain-damaged infants’ sleep. Discuss them in relation to CNS function? 14. Why do we tell parents to put infants to sleep on their back?
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Study guide exam 2 320, f11 - Developmental Psychology 320,...

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