PSY 3310 - 11 - Adolescent & Adult Developmental Perspectives - Outline

PSY 3310 - 11 - Adolescent & Adult Developmental Perspectives - Outline

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Unformatted text preview: PSY 3310: Psychology & Religion Developmental Perspectives - 2 I. Notes & Comments II. Lifespan Religious Development Models A. Fowler B. Oser & Gmunder C. Meadow & Kahoe III. Religious Maturity Models A. Meadow & Kahoe Comments & Notes “In general, religious activity for adolescents is higher than our intuitive guess would predict, based upon the stereotype of the ‘rebellious’ teenager” (Paloutzian, 1996, p. 107) - Figure 8.1 - Highest levels of religiousness in _________ Comments & Notes (cont’d) *1st year college students increasingly reporting _ _ religious preference. - Nationwide surveys: - Barna group - American Religious Self-Identification Survey (ARIS; 1990-2008) ~55,000 US adults - 76% Christians - 20% No identified religious identity Comments & Notes (cont’d) Also in Chapter 8: - Those reporting being “born again” remained stable (thru 2001) ~ ____% - Conversion, especially sudden conversion, most likely in ________ and __________ Models of Religious Development & Religious [Discussion questions] Maturity Religious Development Models - Fowler 7 stages of faith development - “all forms of faith, including nonreligious faith” Faith = “our way of discerning and committing ourselves to centers of value & power that exert ___________ in our lives” = Center of Value Religious Development Models - Fowler 0. Primal Faith (a “pre-stage”) - development of _____ 1. Intuitive-Projective Faith (3-7 y/o) - acquire ___________ 2. Mythic-Literal = (7-11 y/o) - use of _____; lessons learned from religious stories 3. Synthetic-Conventional = (12 y/o & Religious Development Models - Fowler 4. Inductive-Reflective = (late adol 30s, 40s) - develop religious identity which is _______ from culture; confronting tensions in a faith perspective 5. Conjunctive = (begins before midlife, if at all) - tolerate & accept _______ w/in faith; Religious Development Models – Oser & Gmunder 5 stages of religious judgment Religious judgment = “reasoning that relates reality as experienced to something beyond reality and that serves to provide ___________ beyond learned content” (Oser, 1991, p. 6) Religious Development Models – Oser & Gmunder Stages of religious judgment determined by how people resolve the ________ in 7 bipolar dimensions of religious values: 1. Freedom vs. Dependence on God 2. ________ vs. Immanent God 3. Hope vs. Despair (absurdity) 4. God’s will is Hidden vs. ________ 5. Faith vs. Fear Religious Development Models – Oser & Gmunder Lower vs. Higher stages: Thinking in terms of ___ end vs. ____ ends of these dimensions. 1. Religious heteronomy (deus ex machina) 2. People influencing the divine (do et des = ‘give so that you may receive’) 3. Deism – one-sided ______________ 4. Reintroduction of the involved divine Religious Development Models – Meadow & Kahoe Stems from ___________ research in social psychology. Religious Development Models – Meadow & Kahoe 4 stages: 1. Extrinsic = you are religious because of rewards or punishments 2. Observance = develop ________ beliefs & actions 3. Intrinsic = internalized fixed belief that is not based on extrinsic motivations 4. Autonomy = reflective, ________ Religious Maturity Models – Meadow & Kahoe Components of mature religiousness: 1. Comprehensive & unifying philosophy of life 2. Ability to _____ evaluate the tenets of one’s faith 3. ______ attitude toward the belief system 4. Experience of _______ with a higher power Religious Maturity Models – Mahony Applies only to __________ 1. Self-identification as a _____ of God 2. _________ of one’s integrity and ability to act on one’s __________ 3. Experience of an ongoing, __________ relationship with God ...
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