Schools and Achievement (1)

Schools and Achievement (1) - Schools and Achievement...

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Chapter 16 Schools and Achievement
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Approaches to Learning Constructivist approach Children explore, reflect, and build knowledge base. They are not just passive learners Unstructured Direct instruction approach Highly structured Teacher-centered Most effective teaching may include both
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Approaches to Learning Accountability Are schools performing and teaching children what they need? State testing No Child Left Behind Specific objectives and tests to measure these objectives Identify poorly performing schools Critics: relying on test of narrow, specific knowledge, teaching to the test, gifted students possibly being neglected in favor of catching up students who are falling behind
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Early Childhood Education Child-centered kindergarten Focused on child’s learning style and individual needs Play is central in learning Focus is on learning itself and not on what is learned Physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development Montessori approach Children decide their own activities Are not structured in activities by teachers
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Early Childhood Education Developmentally Appropriate Practice Taking into account individual differences and developmental maturity Focus on process of learning, rather than material that is learned Play and games used often Skills taught include thinking critically, being cooperative, problem-solving, and emotion regulation.
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Disadvantaged Children Project Head Start Going on for several decades Gives children a chance to catch up to others School-readiness skills Originally for children ages 3-5 Now, Early Head start also for children from birth to age 3 Positive outcomes in cognitive and social abilities However, depends on quality of the center
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Controversy within Education Curriculum Controversy Constructivist child-centered vs. direct instruction Are we too focused on achievement and not on learning everyday skills such as social, emotional, and problem-solving skills? Some say standardized testing has caused this
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course SPAN 1507 at Texas Tech.

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Schools and Achievement (1) - Schools and Achievement...

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