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Ionic compounds - naming

Ionic compounds - naming - -ite and the one with more...

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A Roman numeral in parentheses, followed by the name of the element, is used for elements that can form more than one positive ion. This is usually seen with metals. Fe 2+ Iron (II) Fe 3+ Iron (III) Cu + Copper (I) Cu 2+ Copper (II) -ous and -ic Although Roman numerals are used to denote the ionic charge of cations, it is still common to see and use the endings -ous or -ic . These endings are added to the Latin name of the element (e.g., stannous / stannic for tin) to represent the ions with lesser or greater charge, respectively. The Roman numeral naming convention has wider appeal because many ions have more than two valences. Fe 2+ Ferrous Fe 3+ Ferric Cu + Cuprous Cu 2+ Cupric -ide The -ide ending is added to the name of a monoatomic ion of an element. H - Hydride F - Fluoride O 2- Oxide S 2- Sulfide N 3- Nitride P 3- Phosphide -ite and -ate Some polyatomic anions contain oxygen. These anions are called oxyanions . When an element forms two oxyanions, the one with less oxygen is given a name ending in
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Unformatted text preview: -ite and the one with more oxgyen is given a name that ends in -ate . NO 2-Nitrite NO 3-Nitrate SO 3 2-Sulfite SO 4 2-Sulfate hypo- and per-In the case where there is a series of four oxyanions, the hypo-and per-prefixes are used in conjunction with the -ite and -ate suffixes. The hypo-and per-prefixes indicate less oxygen and more oxygen, respectively. ClO-Hypochlorite ClO 2-Chlorite ClO 3-Chlorate ClO 4-Perchlorate bi- and di- hydrogen Polyatomic anions sometimes gain one or more H + ions to form anions of a lower charge. These ions are named by adding the word hydrogen or dihydrogen in front of the name of the anion. It is still common to see and use the older naming convention in which the prefix bi-is used to indicate the addition of a single hydrogen ion. HCO 3-Hydrogen carbonate or bicarbonate HSO 4-Hydrogen sulfate or bisulfate H 2 PO 4-Dihydrogen phosphate...
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