Chapter 11-12_Defining_Assessing_Stages of Learning

Chapter 11-12_Defining_Assessing_Stages of Learning -...

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Learning and Performance Chapter 11
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Learning A set of internal processes that lead to a relatively permanent change in the learner’s capacity for skilled performance as a result of practice and/or experience Internal processes/ inferred from practice Change in capacity Relatively permanent Due to practice, not development
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Performance Performance Observable behavior at a particular time and specific location Temporary , May not be due to practice Performance Variables Factors that have immediate effects on performance while it is present , but when the level of one or more of these factors is altered, the influence is altered Performance Variables Anxiety Uniqueness of setting Fatigue Boredom Is learning possible when performance is deteriorating due to fatigue?
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Learning vs. Performance Learning Variables Factors that affect performance after they have been removed; influence performance in a “relatively permanent” manner Learning characteristics Improvement Consistency Stability Persistence Adaptability
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Measuring Motor Learning Performance curves: Line graph describing performance by plot ting performance measures across practice trials or periods of time Assess improvement & consistency. Not learning curves Can be temporarily inflated or depressed by: Fatigue, boredom Motivation, feedback
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Assessing Learning by Performance Curves The chart of performance as a function of trials Linear Negatively Accelerated Positively Accelerated Ogive (or S-shaped)
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Performance Curves
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Review Performance vs. learning Performance variables vs. learning variables Performance curves Characteristics of learning
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Assessing Learning by Retention Tests Tests of a practiced skill that a learner performs following an interval of time after practice has ceased (retention interval) Purpose is to determine relative permanence of the performance
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Assessing Learning by Transfer Tests Test where the person performs the skill different ly from the skill they practiced Novel context characteristics Availability of augmented feedback Physical environment
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Chapter 11-12_Defining_Assessing_Stages of Learning -...

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