Chapter 13-14_Transfer_Demonstration

Chapter 13-14_Transfer_Demonstration - What is Transfer of...

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What is Transfer of Learning? Influence of previous experience on: Learning a new skill Performing a skill in a new context This influence can result in the following: Positive transfer Negative transfer Neutral (zero)
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Positive Transfer Task A: Swatting flies (Grp I = Y) Task B: Badminton volleys (Grp II = X) Note: In graph, unit of measure is time: lower is better. Savings Score
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Negative Transfer Task Z: Tennis volleys (Grp III) Task B: Badminton volleys (Grp II) Neutral: no influence e.g. swimming & car driving
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Why is Transfer of Learning Important? Transfer principle has practical and theoretical significance for: Sequencing skills to be learned e.g. Gentile‟s taxonomy Developing instructional methods e.g. part practice, simulation etc. Assessing the effectiveness of practice conditions: transfer test performance is the best assessment
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Why Does Positive Transfer of Learning Occur? Similarity of skill and context components Higher similarity of component parts or contexts , greater positive transfer Component: 1. Observable movement or kinematic characteristics e.g. 2. Task-specific coordination dynamics: similar phase relationships e.g. How about juggling 3 balls? Transfer-Appropriate Processing Theory Transfer of learning will occur if similar processing activities are required for the two movement skills or contexts Similarity between movement components are NOT required e.g. batting & soccer goalkeeping;
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Negative Transfer Considered rare and temporary in motor skill learning Occurs when new skill or context involves Similar environmental context features but requires a different movement response Spatial location change e.g. different gear for reverse in 5-speed car Timing structure Negative effects can be overcome with practice Important for the practitioner to be aware that it could cause discouragement early in practice
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course ESS 3303 at Texas Tech.

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Chapter 13-14_Transfer_Demonstration - What is Transfer of...

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