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Chapter 16_Practice Variability

Chapter 16_Practice Variability - Chapter 16 Practice...

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Chapter 16 Practice Variability and Specificity Concept: Variability of practice experiences is important for learning motor skills
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Practice Variability Refers to the variety of movement and context characteristics the learner experiences while practicing a skill Movement and context characteristics that can be varied in practice: Skill variations that will be required in “test” conditions (GMP and/or parameter) Physical context in which the skill is performed Situation in which the skill occurs
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The Future Performance Benefit of Practice Variability Research evidence shows that more practice variability is better for learning and performance in future “test” situations than less variability Constant vs. Variable Practice Schema Theory drawn graph Basketball free throw Practice variability benefit can be related to the increased amount of performance error during early practice Specified arm movement pattern in 1.2 sec 1-2-3-4-5 group; trial & error group Similar in retention but transfer test results?
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How to Implement Practice Variability? Assess characteristics of the physical context and skill characteristics of the criterion performance Vary these characteristics according to the type of skill being learned Practice conditions to vary for closed skills Intertrial Variability of Regulatory Conditions (golf) Practice conditions should simulate as many regulatory & non- regulatory conditions of criterion performance No Intertrial Variability of Regulatory Conditions (free throw) Simulate non-regulatory conditions Practice conditions to vary for open skills Vary regulatory and non-regulatory conditions
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Practical Example
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