22471 - Negative self-schemas and the onset of depression...

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Unformatted text preview: Negative self-schemas and the onset of depression in women. Thinking sad, feeling sad? Jonathan Evans, Jon Heron, Glyn Lewis, Ricardo Araya, Dieter Wolke and the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) University of Bristol, UK What is cognitive theory of depression? Aaron T Beck a psychoanalyst. Previously - depressed moods arise because of subconscious processes conflict, deficit. Cognitive theory reverses the feeling thoughts. Thoughts are not just a symptom of depression they are causal. Two forms Automatic negative thoughts Schema What are schema? stable characteristics of personality that cause depression by distorting the selection, encoding, organisation and evaluation of environmental stimuli (Gotlib & Hammen, 1992) Are schema latent? Even though these attitudes (or concepts) may not be prominent or even discernible at a given time they persist in a latent state like an explosive charge ready to be detonated by an appropriate set of conditions Beck 1969 Evidence for cognitive theory Haaga et al (1991) Causal elements lead to hypotheses: Stability Events specificity Onset Recurrence Cognitive therapy for depression effective. Evidence continued Evidence for negative schema (dysfunctional attitudes) and onset lacking. Explanation when not depressed subjects need to be primed eg. Teasdale differential activation No large population based longitudinal study looking at onset of depression in relation to negative schema. Methods We studied women recruited for ALSPAC Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children 14 000 women recruited in pregnancy Depression measure - EPDS and personality IPSM at 18 weeks repeated depression measure at 32 weeks pregnancy We chose from IPSM those items which related to negative self schema: I avoid saying what I think for fear of being...
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22471 - Negative self-schemas and the onset of depression...

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