RelativeResourceManager3 - HDFS 3301 Maturational Models...

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1 Maturational Models HDFS 3301 Dr. Trejos Recapitulation Theory Ontogeny Phylogeny Arnold Gesell and the Maturational Model (1880-1961) Gesell’s Theoretical Viewpoint ¾ Emphasis on biological forces. ¾ Structure must be present and developed before function can occur. ¾ Human development progresses through an orderly sequence determined by the biological and evolutionary history of the species. ¾ Unique to the individual genotype control development ¾ Temporary influence of the environment
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2 The Principle of Development Direction ¾ Order- development is not random ¾ Direction- determined by genes ¾ Cephalocaudal Trend - (head to tail trend) ¾ Proximodistal Trend- (near to far trend) The Principle of Functional Asymmetry z A degree of asymmetry is highly functional z We are most effective when we confront the world from an angle. z An infant’s asymmetric tendency is the tonic neck reflex. Where babies lie with their heads turned to one side. Principles of Development | The Concept of Maturation: z Development is influenced by two forces: environment and genes z Unfolds in fixed sequences. Children vary in their rates of development, but they all proceed in the same sequences. | The Study of Patterns:
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course HDFS 3301 at Texas Tech.

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RelativeResourceManager3 - HDFS 3301 Maturational Models...

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