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RelativeResourceManager5 - HDFS 3301 HDFS Psychodynamic...

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1 1 1 Psychodynamic Theory Psychodynamic Theory Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud HDFS 3301 HDFS 3301 Dr. Dr. Trejos Trejos Freud’s Brief Biography ± He attended medical school ± Influenced by the principle of conservation of energy. ± Through his work with Charcot, Freud refined his theory concerning the roles that conscious and unconscious processes play in the origin of mental disorders. ± Freud and his work were introduced to the United States through the now famous series of lectures Freud gave at Clark University in 1909. Basic Assumptions of Freud’s Theory • The first attempt to formulate a systematic and global theory of human development. • Emphasis on the study of unconscious psychological processes -- the primary source of mental illness. • Product of the social context in which he lived and worked.
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2 Freud’s Theoretical Viewpoint Psychoanalytic Model of Development ¾ Dynamic ¾ Structural ¾ Sequential components The Dynamic Component ± Applied the concept of Conservation of Energy to human behavior ± Psychic Energy: operates the different components of the psychological system. ± Instincts: the primary source of psychic energy. Instincts are unlearned psychological drives that provide the energy for the developmental process. They have their origins in the biological needs of the organism. ± The most powerful instincts are those related to the creation and sustenance of life, called Eros. Instincts ± Thanatos: related to death and aggression ± Life instincts are maintained and develop through a special form of energy called libido. ± Instincts are conservative and repetitive. ± The fundamental goal of early instinctual behavior is the reduction of tension, which is obtained through organ pleasure. ¾ Filling an empty stomach ¾ Emptying a fool bladder
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3 Unconscious ± Psychic energy is located in the unconscious. ± The unconscious is in control of most early behavior and remains in control of some portion of behavior throughout the life span. ± The bulk of psychic energy in the unconscious influences behavior, but not at a level the individual is aware of or can think about. ± The unconscious urges the id to remain active throughout the life, but as development proceeds, increasingly smaller proportions of psychic energy become invested in the id . Unconscious The transformed psychic energy becomes: ± The ego: the part of the mind that is grounded in reality. ± As the individual matures, the sense of self undergoes further development and eventually produces another structure: the superego. ± The ego acts as a moderator between the superego and the id. ± An individual’s psychic energy is distributed among the id, the ego, and the superego. The Structural Component
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RelativeResourceManager5 - HDFS 3301 HDFS Psychodynamic...

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