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RelativeResourceManager7 - Behavioral Models of Development...

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1 Behavioral Models of Development HDFS 3301 Dr. Trejos The Beginnings of Behaviorism • Importance of environmental events in the creation and modification of behavior. • Development is a process that adheres to principles and laws of learning. • Experiences and opportunities to learn are the central and necessary elements that give direction to the process. • Behaviorists do not place greater importance on biological influences than on environmental influences. • Behaviorists today are incorporating more cognitive and social elements of behavior into their theories Basic Assumptions of Behavioral Models – rejected introspection, or self-inspection, as a method of studying behavior – only observable behaviors are worthy of serious study. – Methodological behaviorism: a particular methodological approach to the study of behavior . • Behaviorism also refers to a set of different theories which attribute the control of developmental outcomes to more environmental factors than to biological ones.
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2 Assumptions There are six main assumptions 1. Development is a function of learning. Learning is defined as short-term changes in behavior. When these short-term changes are combined and are hierarchically organized, the result is development. Development is the result of the linking of accumulated experience. Development results from learning—learning does not result from development. 2. Development is the result of different types of learning. – It is important to understand each type of learning that governs the developmental process.
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3 3. Individual differences in development reflect differences in the histories and past experiences of individuals. – Short-term changes linked together form the foundation for development. – The context of these experiences and the way they are organized contribute to the differences between one person’s behavior and another’s. 4. Development results from the organization of existing behaviors. – Development progresses from the simple behaviors to more complex ones, all subject to the laws of learning . 5. Biological factors set general limits on the kinds of behaviors that develop, but the environment determines the behaviors in which the individual engages. – If biological needs are met, developmental progress depends on the sequencing and relevance of experiences. 6. The development of the individual is not directly
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course HDFS 3301 at Texas Tech.

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RelativeResourceManager7 - Behavioral Models of Development...

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