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RelativeResourceManager11 - Structural Functionalism HDFS...

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1 Structural Functionalism HDFS 3301 Dr. Trejos History of Structural Functionalism • Functional theory, as it is often called, is based on the “organic analogy.” – This is the idea that society is like the human body. Just as the body is made up of various parts that need to function together and properly for it to be healthy, so is society. – Each part needs to be in a state of equilibrium , or balance. History • Important Individuals Comte introduced “positivism”—the view that social science should be based on empirical observations— into social thought. Durkheim concerned with how social systems are integrated and hold themselves together.
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2 History • Important Individuals Alfred Radcliffe-Brown’s writings were pivotal in establishing a field of comparative sociology, with structural functionalism as its most important tool. Talcott Parsons was the leading thinker of functionalism in America. • He believed that behavior was driven by our efforts to conform to the moral code of society. History • By the 1950s functionalism had become the dominant paradigm in sociology, and it has had a tremendous impact of family studies. • Family stability is assumed to be critical in childhood outcomes, and since marital satisfaction is central to that stability, is must be one of the most important research questions in the field. History • Structural functionalism fell into disfavor with scientists after the 1970s. • The case has been made that a considerable amount of present-day family research uses family structure without explicitly recognizing it as a key variable.
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3 Basic Assumptions The function of families is to procreate and socialize children . • Its key idea is that families perform the critical
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course HDFS 3301 at Texas Tech.

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RelativeResourceManager11 - Structural Functionalism HDFS...

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