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Basic Concepts of Sport NOTES-revJan.2010-1

Basic Concepts of Sport NOTES-revJan.2010-1 - Chapter4...

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BASIC CONCEPTS OF SPORT  Chapter 4 Class Notes – Revised 1/2010
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“Sport provides humans with their  greatest opportunity to achieve human  excellence”   Paul Weiss, Yale University (1969)
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Sport- The Natural Religion Michael Nowak (1976)  The Joy of Sports Organized & dramatized in a religious way Rituals (coin toss) Costumes Sense of powers outside of one’s control Figures who enforce rules Teaches perseverance, courage, sacrifice Strive for perfection? Heroes/heroines – almost saintlike?
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To Understand Sport, We Need To  Look At: The motivation from which it arises The form it takes The ways it has developed historically Understand 4 related concepts
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Four Related Concepts: Leisure Play Games Competition
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LEISURE Sport developed historically as a leisure- time activity! Can be viewed as an attitude of  freedom……or a release from demands of  everyday life Joy & satisfaction derived Freely chosen & not obligatory Leisure related to play
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PLAY Sport = “institutionalized” forms of   play Something that all people do Almost always regulated in some way There are different ways of playing Sometimes governed by rules For people to want to continue in sport,  play element must be present
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Child’s Play All children play = their most basic form of behavior Through play, children acquire much of their early  knowledge about the physical and social world. Fun, spontaneous and diverse As they grow, play activities change
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Adult Play When sport is most playful, it is most  meaningful to participants  More calculated, planned Subordination to rules Rituals
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GAMES Terms sport & games usually used  interchangeably….but there are distinctions  Any form of playful competition whose  outcome is determined by:      a) Physical skill       b) Strategy… and/or       c) chance
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3 Important Parts of Definition: 1.Games derive from play 2. Games involve competition 3.Outcome of game is determined by use of  physical skill, strategy, and fundamental  quality of sport.  
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Not all games are sport, but sport is  always a game! Competition is a defining characteristic  of games and a fundamental quality of  sport
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Sports Are games that involve combinations of:      1.Physical skill      2. Srategy There are “chance” elements in sport  (weather, bounce of ball) they are not  the primary determinants of outcomes 
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Games that have outcomes determined mostly by  chance are not sports!
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