Basic Concepts of Sport NOTES-revJan.2010-1

Basic Concepts of Sport NOTES-revJan.2010-1 - BASIC...

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Unformatted text preview: BASIC CONCEPTS OF SPORT Chapter 4 Class Notes Revised 1/2010 Sport provides humans with their greatest opportunity to achieve human excellence Paul Weiss, Yale University (1969) Sport- The Natural Religion Michael Nowak (1976) The Joy of Sports Organized & dramatized in a religious way Rituals (coin toss) Costumes Sense of powers outside of ones control Figures who enforce rules Teaches perseverance, courage, sacrifice Strive for perfection? Heroes/heroines almost saintlike? To Understand Sport, We Need To Look At: The motivation from which it arises The form it takes The ways it has developed historically Understand 4 related concepts Four Related Concepts: Leisure Play Games Competition LEISURE Sport developed historically as a leisure- time activity! Can be viewed as an attitude of freedomor a release from demands of everyday life Joy & satisfaction derived Freely chosen & not obligatory Leisure related to play PLAY Sport = institutionalized forms of play Something that all people do Almost always regulated in some way There are different ways of playing Sometimes governed by rules For people to want to continue in sport, play element must be present Childs Play All children play = their most basic form of behavior Through play, children acquire much of their early knowledge about the physical and social world. Fun, spontaneous and diverse As they grow, play activities change Adult Play When sport is most playful, it is most meaningful to participants More calculated, planned Subordination to rules Rituals GAMES Terms sport & games usually used interchangeably.but there are distinctions Any form of playful competition whose outcome is determined by: a) Physical skill b) Strategy and/or c) chance 3 Important Parts of Definition: 1.Games derive from play 2. Games involve competition 3.Outcome of game is determined by use of physical skill, strategy, and fundamental quality of sport. Not all games are sport, but sport is always a game! Competition is a defining characteristic of games and a fundamental quality of sport Sports Are games that involve combinations of: 1.Physical skill 2. Srategy There are chance elements in sport (weather, bounce of ball) they are not the primary determinants of outcomes Games that have outcomes determined mostly by...
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course ESS 1301 at Texas Tech.

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Basic Concepts of Sport NOTES-revJan.2010-1 - BASIC...

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