Designer1 - Designers: Lighting and Sound Resources Text....

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Designers: Lighting and Sound Resources Text. .. Wilson and Goldfarb. Theatre: The Lively Art , 7th edition: Chapter 10. Outside reading. .. John L. Bracewell. Sound Design in the Theatre . Linda Essig. Lighting and the Design Idea . J. Michael Gillette. Theatrical Design and Production . Jean Rosenthal. The Magic of Light . Lighting Design | Sound Design Lighting Design 1. Before electricity, what was used to light the performer? From 500 BC until the 1600s, theatrical performances generally took place outdoors in the afternoon so the actor was lit by sun light . When theatre moved indoors during the Renaissance (Europe: 1550-1700) and the English Restoration (1660-1700), the performer was lit first by candle light and later by oil lamps . In the beginning of the 1800s, gas light which could be controlled, replaced oil lamps as the major source of illumination. The world's first gas stage-lighting system was installed in 1818 in Philadelphia's Chestnut Street Theatre . 2. What was the gas table? Gas Table A collection of valves used to control the intensity of the light. With the advent of the gas table it became possible to dim the "house lights" focusing the audience's attention on the actor on stage. 3. When did the electric lamp become the major source of theatrical light?
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Savoy Theatre In the 1880's . London's Savoy Theatre , the theatrical home of Gilbert and Sullivan's operettas, was, in 1881, the first theatre to be totally lit by electricity. The following year, 1882, the first American theatre, the Bijou Theatre in Boston, was electrified. With the advent of the electric lamp, theatres were not only cleaner, but they were also safer. As long as the stage was lit with open flames (candle and gas), the life expectancy of a playhouse was about 20 years. America's worst theatre fire was in Chicago, Illinois. On the afternoon of December 30, 1903, during a matinee of Mr. Bluebeard at the Iroquois Theatre , a back-stage curtain caught fire. The flames quickly spread and soon the entire stage was a blaze. The audience panicked. At least 600 people died . Chicago, IL: The Iroquois Theatre Fire, December 30, 1903 Though the auditorium was heavily damaged, the theatre was structurally sound, and was rebuilt and reopened less than a year later as Hyde and Behman's Music Hall , a vaudeville house. In 1905, it became the Colonial , which like the Iroquois , was a legitimate playhouse. The Colonial was razed in May 1924 to make way for the United Masonic Temple, which would housed the
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This document was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course THEA 101 at Northern State University.

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Designer1 - Designers: Lighting and Sound Resources Text....

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