Early Modern Theatre - Early Modern Theatre 1875 to 1945...

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Early Modern Theatre: 1875 to 1945 Resources Text. .. Wilson and Goldfarb. Theatre: The Lively Art , 7th edition: Chapter 15. Plays , with links to brief plot outlines. .. Bertolt Brecht. The Caucasian Chalk Circle Anton Chekhov. The Cherry Orchard Federal Theatre Project. One Third of a Nation Henrik Ibsen. Hedda Gabler , Ghosts , A Doll's House Eugene O'Neill. Long Day's Journey Into Night , The Great God Brown Thornton Wilder: Our Town , Skin of Our Teeth , The Matchmaker The Internet. .. Federal Theatre Project Collection at the Library of Congress 1. Who is the father of realistic drama? Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906). In 1851 he was appointed the resident playwright and stage manager of the Norwegian National Theatre in Bergen. Six years later he moved to the Norwegian Theatre in Christiania (now Oslo). He left his homeland in 1864 only to return for brief visits. His early works, such as Peer Gynt (1866) were romantic verse dramas drawn from the Scandinavian past. In the 1870s he abandoned verse drama for realism. The plays written during the last decade of the century, The Master Builder (1892) and When We Dead Awaken (1899) show the influence of the symbolist movement. 2. What is the difference between Ibsen's social plays and his character dramas? His social plays , or thesis plays, explore the interaction of people with society. These works deal with such social problems as an unhappy marriage, the sexual double standard, and the position of women. His character dramas explore the psychological, moral, and ethical conflicts within the confines of the dramatic character. 3. Give the title of one play from each group. Social plays-- Pillars of Society (1877), The Doll's House (1879), Ghosts (1881) and An Enemy of the People (1882). See the Play Synopsis of The Dolls House on page 414 of the Appendix. Character dramas-- The Wild Duck (1884), and Hedda Gabler (1890). 4. Which group of plays has stood the test of time and are still presented today? The character dramas. Most consider Hedda Gabler his most important and often revived drama .
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Audiences were often disturbed by Ibsen's "unhealthful and injurious" plays. Critics had a word for his work -- it was Ibscene . When A Doll's House was first presented, an audience sat perfectly still after the final curtain. They were waiting for the last act when Nora would return repentant to her husband. The stage manager had to appear and tell them that was all, they could go home. It was a dumfounding jolt that set wives practicing door slams and made husbands irritable and nervous. (Philip Lewis, Trouping. How the Show Came to Town , 1973. pg. 194.) 5. Who was the Russian playwright whose plays were first produced by the Moscow Art Theatre? Anton Chekhov (1860-1904). The Moscow Art Theatre's first production was Anton
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Early Modern Theatre - Early Modern Theatre 1875 to 1945...

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