Early Theatre - Early Theatre: Greek, Roman and Medieval...

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Early Theatre: Greek, Roman and Medieval Resources Text. .. Wilson and Goldfarb. Theatre: The Lively Art , 7th edition. Chapter 11. Plays: Greek. .. Aeschylus. Prometheus Bound Sophocles. Oedipus, Antigone Euripides. Trojan Women Aristophanes. Lysistrata, The Birds Plays: Roman. .. Plautus. The Menaechmi Seneca. Oedipus Plays: Medieval. .. Wakefield Cycle. "The Second Shepherd's Play" The Passion Play Everyman Greek Theatre | Roman Theatre | Medieval Theatre Greek Theatre What has survived from the Greek and Roman era? We have 33 Greek plays, 36 Roman plays and more than 400 Greco-Roman Theatres in Europe, the Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia -- anywhere the Roman Empire established a protectorate. 1. How did religious ritual evolve into Greek theatre? There were four major celebrations, in honor of the Greek god Dionysus. Three of these celebrations-- the City Dionsyia in the spring and the Lenaia and Rural Dionysia in the winter --would involve drama. One of the elements of these celebrations was the dithyramb , a choral ode song to the gods. Aristotle tell us that Greek tragedy grew out of the dithyramb. 2. What was the relationship between Greek mythology and early Greek drama? Greek mythology is the legends and stories behind the Greek gods. The earliest Greek dramas, especially those by Aeschylus (525-456 BCE), drew their plots and characters from these myths. 3. The first tragic dramas were performed in honor of which Greek god? Dionysus , the Greek god of wine, fertility and revelry. 4. At which dramatic festival were these dramas first performed?
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5. Where was this festival held? When? Athens , in the early spring (March). 6. What was a dithyramb? The dithyramb was a lengthy "hymn" or choral ode in honor of Dionysus which was sung by a chorus of fifty men. How did it evolve into drama? Aristotle, in the Poetics , tells us that one of the choral leaders, Thespis (6th Century, BCE), left the chorus, jumped on to the alter, and assumed the role of "the god". 7. Who was the first actor? Thespis. The first playwright? Also, Thespis . He won the first Greek tragedy contest in 534 BCE. 8. What type of dramas did Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides write? Tragedies. 9. Which of these three was the first playwright whose work has survived? Aeschylus Aeschylus (525-456 BCE) won thirteen Tragic Contests. We have seven of the approximately 80 plays he wrote, including the only complete trilogy : Oresteia (458 BCE) -- Agamemnon , Libation Bearers , and Eumenides .. 10. What was Aeschylus' major contribution to the art of playwrighting? He added the second actor , creating the possibility of dramatic dialogue. Thespis' tragedies utilized only one actor and the chorus. 11. What is Sophocles' (496-406 BCE) most important drama?
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Early Theatre - Early Theatre: Greek, Roman and Medieval...

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