Film Histor1 - Film History Resources Outside reading Ben...

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Film History Resources Outside reading... Ben Hall. The Best Remaining Seats . New York: Bramhall House. 1961. Leslie Halliwell. The Filmgoer's Companion . New York: Avon Books. 1977 David Robinson. From Peep Show to the Palace . New York: Columbia University Press. 1996. Robert Stanley. The Celluloid Empire . New York: Hasting House. 1978. Films... Film titles are linked to their entry in the The Internet Movie Database . The Birth of a Nation . Directed by D. W. Griffith. 1915. Gone With The Wind . Directed by Victor Fleming. 1939. Citizen Kane . Directed by Orson Welles. 1941. Internet... WideScreen Museum . From Cinerama to Super Panavision. Internet Movie Database . A database of more than 130,000 movies. The Palace: Classic Films Engaging and informative articles on movies and filmmaking. American Film Institute's Top 100 American Films of the 20th Century. Some Enchanted Evenings: American Picture Palaces . A visit to the great movie palaces... Cinema Treasurers : The ultimate guide to Classic Movie Theatres... All film titles are linked to their entry in the The Internet Movie Database . Black Maria: Edison's first studio West Orange, NJ 1. What American inventor is credited with the development of the motion picture camera? Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) demonstrated the Kinetoscope (a primitive film viewer) at his West Orange, New Jersey lab in 1889, and applied for a patent for both the Kinetograph (Edison's earliest movie camera) and the Kinetoscope in 1891. The Black Maria (pronunced "Black ma-RYE-uh"), built in 1892 was Edison's first studio. In a little over eight years, December 1892 to January 1901, Edison's company shot between 200 and 300 short films including performances by such well-known vaudeville stars as strongman Eugene Sandow , Spanish dancer Carmencita , and sharp shooter Annie Oakley . Links are to the Library of Congress web site where these short films can be viewed.
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Kinetoscope Parlor in New York City 2. When did the first commercial Kinetoscope parlor open in New York City? 1894 . Ten machines were placed in a penny arcade at 1155 Broadway. A customer could view a short 20 seconds to a minute film for only a nickel. Kinetoscope Parlors soon began to open through out the United States. 3. When were films first projected in a New York theatre? Vitascope April 1896 . Koster & Bial's Music Hall included "Edison's greatest marvel: The Vitascope " (a film projector), as the final act of its vaudeville program. According to the New York Times , "an unusually bright light fell upon the screen. Then came into view two precious blond young persons of the variety stage, in pink and blue dresses, doing the umbrella dance with commendable celerity. Their motions were all clearly defined. When they vanished, a view of an angry surf breaking on a sandy beach near a stone pier amazed the spectators. The waves tumbled in furiously and the foam of the breakers flew high in the air. So enthusiastic was the appreciation of the crowd long before this extraordinary exhibition was finished that vociferous cheering was heard".
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