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Global Theatr2 - Global Theatre 1945 to 2000 Musical...

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Global Theatre: 1945 to 2000 Musical Theatre Resources Text... Wilson and Goldfarb. Theatre: The Lively Art , 7th edition: Chapter 16, pages 382 - 386. Musicals... William S. Gilbert and Sir Author Sullivan. The H.M.S. Pinafore , The Mikado Rodgers and Hammerstein. Oklahoma! , South Pacific Sigmond Romberg. The Desert Song Andrew Lloyd Webber. Phantom of the Opera 1. What do many consider America's only contribution to world theatre? The book musical. 2. What is the normal running time? Between 2 1/2 and 3 hours. 3. What is the standard conflict? Boy meets Girl. Boy looses Girl. Boy gets Girl back. 4. Which structural pattern, climactic or episodic, is used to reveal the plot? Episodic. 5. Why are many musicals adapted from other works? A book musical is an expensive and difficult undertaking. Most producers like to begin with an established work, one where another writer (playwright or novelist) has created the plot and major characters. Many, perhaps most, musicals began as plays: Oklahoma (1943), Carousel (1945), The King and I (1951). My Fair Lady (1956), Hello, Dolly! (1964), Mame (1966). Some, like South Pacific (1949) and Fiddler on the Roof (1964) are based on books. A few, like The Sound of Music (1949) and The Unsinkable Molly Brown (1960), are biographical. Little Abner (1956), You're A Good Man Charlie Brown (1967), and Annie (1976) were drawn from the funny pages. 6. What is the book of a musical? The dialogue between the songs. 7. Who creates the score and lyrics? The score is written by the composer, the lyrics by the lyricist.
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8. What three major forces led to the development of the modern American musical? The European operetta, The English comic opera, and The American musical extravaganza. 9. What is an operetta? A little opera. Instead of recitative, spoken dialogue is used to advance the plot and develop the characters. 10. When was the operetta popular on the New York stage? Roughly between the outbreak of World War I (1914) and the Stockmarket crash of 1929. 11. Who are the major American composers of operetta? List the title of one of their major works. Victor Herbert (1859-1924): Babes in Toyland (1903), Rudolf Friml (1879-1972): Rose Marie (1924), and Sigmund Romberg (1887-1951): The Desert Song (1926). All three composers received their training in Europe. Victor Herbert worked extensively as a cellist in Germany and Austria. Shortly after his marriage to one of the stars of the Vienna Opera in 1886, he followed his wife to the United States where he became the principal cellist of the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra. According to the Internet Broadway DataBase , his first Broadway show was an 1899 two act musical adaption of Edmond Rostand's Cyrano de Bergerac . Rudolf Frilm attended the Prague Conservatory where he studied piano with composers Dvorak and Jiranek. In his twenties, he toured Europe and the United States with violinist Jan Kubelik. After his last American tour in 1906, he moved to New York City where he began composing for the stage. In 1912, he replaced Victor Herbert as the composer for producer Arthur Hammerstein's The Firefly.
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