Chile - In 1833, Diego Portales Palazuelos, presidential...

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Chilean independence was declared on February 12, 1818, by Bernardo O'Higgins. O’Higgins, who was elected supreme director of Chile, had setup a centralized government with a two-party system. “The O'Higgins regime was progressive, if autocratic, initiating many public improvements and reducing debts.” ( “O'Higgins, Bernardo”, Gorlier ) With his many reforms, he improved roads, sanitation services, setup schools with England teachers, and enriched the National library. Many of his other reforms had angered the wealthy, weakened powers of the Catholic Church, got rid of all titles of nobility, reduced elite landholdings, and making the wealthy pay more tax for the public improvements. His reforms increased oppositions and in 1823 an army revolt occur, forcing him to resign in February 1823. Afterwards, liberals and conservatives controlled the government with a constitution that adopted a republic. Disorder from the two groups lasted until 1831, when a conservative general Joaquin Prieto became president .
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Unformatted text preview: In 1833, Diego Portales Palazuelos, presidential adviser, control the writing of the Constitution of 1833, which stood in effect til 1925. The Constitution of 1833 gave much power to the executive branch and created a strong central government. It made Catholicism the state religion and allow only men, older than 25 who earned a certain amount of income or property, the right to vote. Conservatives gain a strong control of government for 30 years as the liberals made many failed attempts to regain the government. The Conservative party made great contributions to the commercial and agricultural development of Chile. The Conservatives encouraged immigration, constructed railroads, explorations of mineral resources, and school systems with cultural institutions. Although Chile began to prosper, many conflicts began to stir with neighboring countries. First when Chile declared war on Peru and Bolivia in 1836, when they try to form a confederation and later in 1843 with Argentina ....
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This note was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Gotman during the Spring '08 term at NYU.

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