Test 1 class notes

Test 1 class notes - Class Notes Part 1 Distance decay...

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Class Notes Part 1 Distance decay/ friction of distance - interaction between locations decrease as distance increases Absolute location- latitude/ longitude Formal region- places tied together by common characteristics Nodal regions- (airline systems); tied together by common point Functional regions- (Federal Reserve Districts); tied together by common authority Political regionalization- voting districts, gerrymandering (redesigning districts for politics) Social regionalization- redlining (denying service based on location) , 3 rd world, marginalization Scale- global, continental, national (states as countries), large regional, small regional, local (urban, rural, landscape); change in scale can lead to change in evaluation Maps- model of earth’s surface Location accurate maps- road maps Thematic maps- geographical/ spatial distributions Chloropleth maps- regional/thematic maps Part 2 Early globalization- British Empire Contemporary globalization- corporate empires Factors of globalization: changes in transport, communication, multinational corporations, United Nations- Security council for peacekeeping ; General Assembly for development issues International Monetary Fund and World Bank are nominally UN organizations, HQ in DC (not NYC) “Washington Consensus” - standards to measure struggling economies, Latin America (80s) G-8: US, Japan, Germany, UK, France, Italy, Canada, Russia (World Bank initiatives: African development, climate change, debt relief) G-20 more inclusive (developing countries) World Trade Organization emerged from General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade (GATT), 1995 - China most important new member (2001); Vietnam more recently; Russia not a member Basel Convention- regulate “trade” in hazardous waste Wide use of English as a global language receiving backlash (Jamaica, EU) Population regions: Environmental constraints: water, soil, temperature Carrying capacity ability of a land to provide for the population Closed system (scale effect)- Crude birth rate = births/ 1000 people/year Crude death rate= deaths/ 1000 people/year Population growth rate= CBR-CDR; natural population growth associated with per capita income, female education (negative association between fertility & income); 7 billion people now, 9 billion in 2050?; slowing rate; future growth expected in poorer countries Fertility rate= # children/ woman Infant mortality rate= deaths in 1 st year/ 1000 live births Child mortality = death in 1
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Test 1 class notes - Class Notes Part 1 Distance decay...

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