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Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 African Union AU mostly political...

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Chapter 6 African Union- AU, mostly political body that has tried to resolve regional conflicts. Founded in 1963, the organization grew to include all the states of the continent except South Africa, which finally was asked to join in 1994. In 2004, the body changed its name to the African Union Apartheid- policy of racial separateness that directed the separate residential and work spaces for whites, blacks, coloureds, and Indians in South Africa for nearly 50 years. It was abolished when the African National Congress came to power in 1994. Berlin Conference- a 1884 conference that divided Africa into European colonial territories. The boundaries created in Berlin satisfied European ambition but ignored indigenous cultural affiliations. Many of Africa’s civil conflicts can be traced to ill-conceived territorial divisions created in 1884. Biofuel- energy sources derived from plants or animals. Throughout the developing world, wood, charcoal, and dung are primary energy sources for cooking and heating Clan- a social unit that is typically smaller than a tribe or an ethnic group by larger than a family,
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