Unit_9 - Modern Political Economies III Modern Political...

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Unformatted text preview: Modern Political Economies III Modern Political Economies III Japan, Asia, Latin America, Eastern Europe, Russia Iss 315 1. Japan A. PAST DEVELOPMENTS B. STRENGTHS 1. ECONOMIC INDICATORS GNI PPP = $30,040 GDP = $ 26,940 2. SOCIAL INDICATORS NATURAL INCREASE = 0.1 % LIFE EXPECTANCY = 82 YEARS INFANT MORTALITY = 2.8 Japan C. OHTER STRENGTHS ­ ­ ROLE OF JAPANESE GOVERNMENT ­ LICENSING AND PATENT AGREEMENTS ­ LOW WAGES ­ ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL STABILITY ­ ORGANIZATION ­ DISCIPLINE ­ SIGNIFICANCE OF FAMILY ­ CRIME RATE ­ ROLE OF U.S. COLLECTIVE GOOD Japan D. PROBLEMS ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ EXPORT BASED ECONOMY STAGNANT LOCAL DEMAND DECLINING POPULATION NATURAL RESOURCES SHRINKING MARKETS IMMIGRATION POLICY E. FUTURE? 2. China A. STRENGTHS – JAPANESE MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT – INDUTRIALIZATION – MARKET ECONOMY (1979) – FOREIGN INVESTMENTS – HUGE DOMESTIC MARKET – GROWING MIDDLE CLASSSUCCESSFUL POPULATION CONTROL POLICY – – CHEAP LABOR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING CHINA B. ECONOMIC INDICATORS GNI PPP = $5,530 C. SOCIAL INDICATORS NATURAL INCREASE = 0.6 % INFANT MORATLITY = 27 • LARGE POPULATION • INFLUENCE OF COMMUNIST PARTY • STATE OWNED BUSINESSES • ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES • LOCAL MARKET IS STILL POOR • INCREASING INEQUALITY • INCREASING CORRUPTION AND OTHER CRIMES 3. KOREA, TAIWAN, HONG KONG, SINGAPORE A. PAST DEVELOPMENT AND STRENGTHS 1. JAPANESE MODEL DEVELOPMENT 2. RAPID INDUSTRIALIZATION 3. COLLECTIVE GOOD 4. HARD WORK 5. PHYSICAL SCIENCES KOREA, TAIWAN, HONG KONG, SINGAPORE B. PROBLEMS 1. NEW RULES BY AMERICAN FIRMS 2. LIMITED LOCAL MARKET 3. MARKET ACCESS 4. INEQUALITY 5. EXPLOITATION OF LABOR 6. ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES C. FUTURE? 4. THE MIDDLE EAST AND SOUTH ASIA • ISRAEL • ARAB COUNTRIES • MALAYSIA AND THAILAND • BURMA AND BANGLADESH • PAKISTAN, INDIA, AND INDONESIA 5. AFRICA A. PROBLEMS ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ECONOMIC ISSUES POLITICAL ISSUES ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS SOCIAL ISSUES INTERNAL CONFLICTS B. FUTURE? 6. LATIN AMERICA A. PROBLEMS ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ POLITICAL UNREST INTERNAL CONFLICTS SLOW ECONOMIC GROWTH BUREAUCRACY TECHNICAL PROGRESS POPULATION GROWTH INTERNATIONAL DEBTS B. FUTURE? 7. FORMER SOVIET BLOCK I: RUSSIA A. STRENGTHS ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ TECHNICAL SKILLS INDUSTRIAL BASE HUGE MARKET EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING SPACE TECHNOLOGY FORMER SOVIET BLOCK I: RUSSIA B. PROBLEMS ­ POLITICAL UNREST ­ CORRUPTION ­ RUSSIAN MAFIA ­ ECONOMIC GROWTH C. FUTURE? FORMER SOVIET BLOCK II: BULGARIA, CROATIA, CZECH REPUBLIC, HUNGARY, MOLDOVA, POLAND, ROMANIA, SLOVENIA, SLOVAKIA, YUGOSLAVIA, UKRAINE A. STRENGTHS ­ ­ ­ ­ INDUSTRIAL BASE MARKET ECONOMY TECHNICAL SKILLS EDUCATION FORMER SOVIET BLOCK: BULGARIA, CROATIA, CZECH REPUBLIC, HUNGARY, MOLDOVA, POLAND, ROMANIA, SLOVENIA, SLOVAKIA, YUGOSLAVIA, UKRAINE B. PROBLEMS ­ POLITICAL UNREST ­ CORRUPTION ­ TRADITIONAL TECHNOLOGY ­ DECLINING POPULATION ­ SOCIETIES IN TRANSITION C. FUTURE? ...
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