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Test #1 Study Guide

Test #1 Study Guide - Punic Wars Early Rome Romulus/Remus...

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Punic Wars Early Rome - Romulus/Remus – Greek founders of Rome (according to myth) - Place to ford the Tiber - Best place to live was in the hills – Palatine and Capitol - Valley flooded seasonally – around 650, the valley was paved and a massive drain created (Cloaca maxima). This land became the Roman forum - A sign that early Romans consciously decided to coagulate their communities into a city - Then built buildings for public affairs in and around the forum - Senate house - Temple for Jupiter - A wall - By 600, Rome had become a city of some substance in Latium - All this signifies Rome’s ambition and ability to cooperate - The Roman Senate was established in 600 BC - In early Rome, kings were somehow elected and served for life. They were not hereditary. - Around 500, Rome sets up a “respublica” and replaces the king with two consuls, elected annually. - Imperium: power of life and death; in charge of army - Early rivals: - Carthaginians established in North Africa by 800 – seafaring people - Gauls – lived up in the Alps and the plains of the Padus River – a constant pest - Of greatest concern were the Etruscans - Different languages, separate villages, united if threatened - Powerful and advanced - Dominated the north and west from 700 to 500 - Spread north to the Po Valley - Came south to capture the best land: Campania - Came through Latium and took over Rome - By 500, Etruscans weakened. Were attacked by the Gauls and others. The Romans god rid of them by 500. - As a result of a series of wars, Rome gains control of whole of Latium by 340 - From 340-290, Rome has non-stop wars with people in north and center of the peninsula - Battle of Sentinum in 295: Rome vs. Gauls, Etruscans, various others. Rome wins narrowly - In 270s, Grecians bring in Pyrrhus, King of Epirus, to check Roman power and expansion - Pyrrhus wins many battles, but can’t sustain losses. Romans nearly surrendered, but for an inspirational speech by a blind Roman orator. Pyrrhus gives up. Different committees (comitia centurium, concilium plebis, etc.) - Comitia centurium
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- Elected Consuls and Praetors, censors; Consuls, Praetors and interrex could call for assembly - Earliest and highest assembly, but because of cumbersome procedure was usually used only for questions of war and peace - Composed of all citizens - Centuries were organized into the following: - Equites: the wealthiest citizens - Pedites I - Pedites II-V - Musicians - Artisans - Accensi - Proletarii - Appeals of Roman citizens on capital charges - Comitia populi tributa - All citizens - 35 tribes: 31 rural, 4 urban - Elected curule aediles, quaestors - Normally used by consuls and praetors for legislation since the comitia centuriata was so cumbersome - Trials - Concilium plebis - Only plebs - 35 tribes: 31 rural, 4 urban - Elected tribune of the plebs, aediles of the plebs - Passed plebiscita, which were binding on both patricians and plebs after 287 - Trials - Senate - No fixed terms - Normal rules of entry bring in those who were quaestors
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Test #1 Study Guide - Punic Wars Early Rome Romulus/Remus...

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