6 NUTRITION MALNUTRITION AND HEALTH

6 NUTRITION MALNUTRITION AND HEALTH - Malnutrition: scope...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Malnutrition: scope of the problem Chronic: long-term deficit in calories, protein, and or nutrients Acute: severe deficit 4 most important nutritional deficiencies are Protein energy malnutrion (PEM) Iron deficiency anemias (IDA) Vitamin A deficiency Iodine deficiency disorders
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Acute malnutrition: first child- second child Marasmus: acute shortage of protein AND calories— starvation Kwashiorkor: diet deficient in protein but sufficient calories Ga language (Ghana), 1st-2nd child. 1st child weaned, develops kwashiorkor
Background image of page 2
How do we measure malnutrition in global health work Stunting (height for age): developing country prevalence 32% Underweight (wt for age) developing country prevalence 27% Wasting (wt for ht) developing country prevalence 9% Low birth weight (17% of newborns)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Consequences of stunting Increased morbidity and mortality (more infections & more likely to die) Poor cognitive/school performance Reduced adult body size >> lower capacity for physical work Women > risk of obstetric complications more likely LBW infants …
Background image of page 4
Effects in children: Potentiates effects of infection “Synergistic” effect Major cause of early childhood mortality Another major cause of mort.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Causes of stunting Causes vary in different locations Diet: Protein, energy, zinc and iron Infections (esp. parasitic) Structural/Systemic POVERTY
Background image of page 6
Deficiencies and their effects Vitamin A: growth retardation, inability to fight infections, nightblindness, xeropthalmia usually caused by prolonged dietary deprivation. It is endemic in areas, such as southern and eastern Asia, where
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 35

6 NUTRITION MALNUTRITION AND HEALTH - Malnutrition: scope...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online