music quiz 2 notes

music quiz 2 notes - Introduction world music music from...

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Introduction world music – music from non-western traditions that are mainly used for commercial purposes Ethnomusicology – study of music as a culture Enculturation – process of learning the culture that one is surrounded by Soundscape – music of a specific area rhythm – patterned recurrence of events – time relation between sounds related and repeated meter – pattern of strong and weak counts polyrhythm – presence of several rhythms polymeter – several meters presence at once melody – part of music that goes up and down timbre - quality of voice harmony – part different from melody at the same time texture o polyphony – several melodies and sounds o heterophony – several voices singing same melody but different ornamentation o monophony – one voice only o homophony – voice w/ accompaniment form - structural arrangement of music units/phrases organology – study of musical instruments Instruments Single step classification Precussion Strings – bowed and plucked Winds Ancient Chinese Classification – based on material Silk, Gourd, Wood, Bamboo, Metal, earth, leather Erich Hornbostel and Curt Sachs – 4 way classification Idiophones – struck directly and indirectly, plucked, friction o Claves, xylophone, shaker and maracas, turntables o Sound by instrument alone Membranophones – drums, sound produced by membrane on instrument Chordophones – zither – strings stretched over a resonating body o Kayagum - korea o Guzheng - china o Koto - japan o Sound by strings on instrument Chordophone – Lute – zither w/ a neck o Biwa – 2 strings (japan), Pipa – 4 strings (china) o Harp Aerophones – wind instruments – sound by air blown o Shakuhachi from japan
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o Reeds – clarinet and surna, bagpipes, and accordions o Horns and trumpets Korean music kugak – national music Ŭmak – western music chongak – aristocratic music ̆ sori – folk music types of instrument kayagŭm – zither (12 strings) haegŭm – fiddle changgo – large drums
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puk - drums samulnori – genre of precussion music sanjo – solo instrumental music + drum p'ansori (themes, characteristics) o loyalty to king o filial piety to parents o fidelity to husband o brotherhood o sincerety to friends Intangible Cultural Properties, Choson, cho, changdan, han, Confucius, classical versus ̆ folk music (differences) Listening : youtube examples (see PP: sanjo court music, salmunori, p’ansori) Sanjo (haegŭm and changgo) Sanjo (kayagŭm and changgo) Court music – “peehhh” lot of aerophones Salmunori http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YDzct7OWkV8 – dancer on the ground
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music quiz 2 notes - Introduction world music music from...

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