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Unformatted text preview: WORLD MUSIC World music Not a musical genre- a marketing term Any musics of non-European origin -Musics of dominated ethnic minorities within the Western world: music of the world to be sold around the world Ethnomusicology Study of music in culture or study of music as culture-Elements of musical organization (sound and structure)-Place of music in human life (ideas, social behavior, material culture) TITON the study of people making music: idea of music, sounds Culture Peoples way of life, learned and transmitted through centuries from one generation to the next Soundscape The characteristic sounds of a particular place, both human and nonhuman -Out of tune perplexing-An open ear and an open mind World beat In its commercial sense, world music refers to local musics that combine indigenous musical characteristics with those of mainstream genres in the contemporary transnational music industry but are associated with minority groups and small or industrially developing countries. Rhythm A time-relation between sounds; the duration of sonic events in time Metered /metrical rhythm regularly occurring time-relations between sounds (pulse/beat) Non-metered /non-metrical rhythm, flexible/free rhythm Meter A pattern of strong and weak counts/beats (simple, compound, asymmetrical, additive) Polyrhythm Simultaneous occurrence of multiple rhythms Polymeter Simultaneous presence of two different metrical systems Melody Timbre Tone quality (characteristic ways different voices and musical instruments vibrate; smooth, buzzy) Harmony Polyphony Heterophony Monophony Homophony Texture Nature of the melodic interrelationships Monophony, heterophony, polyphony, homophony Form Structural arrangement of musical units/phrases; -It can refer to the structure of a musical performance Erich Hornbstel 1914 Curt Sachs 1914 Organology The study of musical instruments Idiophones Sound is produced by the instrument alone- Struck o Directly claves, xylophone, steel drums, gongs o Indirectly shaker, maracas- Plucked mbira(Zimbabwe)- Friction turntables Membranophones Sound is produced by a membrane tightened on the instrument- Struck - drums- Pulled- Rubbed (friction) Chordophones Sound is produced by strings on the instrument- Simple o Zither - Composite o Lute o Harp Aerophones Sound is produced by air blown on/into the instrument- Free aerophones o Bullroarer- Confined aerophones o Flute o Reeds single (clarinet, saxophone) double (surna, shehnai) enclosed (Bagpipes) free (harmonica, accordion, sheng)- Horns/ trumpets o Sound created by vibration of lips Lute Strings stretched over a resonating body with a neck Harp Strings perpendicular to the soundboard Zither Strings stretched over a resonating body Ancient Chinese instrument classification 1. Silk 2. Bamboo 3. Metal (bells) 4. Stone (chime stones) 5. Gourds (hollowed out to make the body of a mouth organ) 6. Earth (clay ocarinas) 7. Leather (stretched to make drum heads)...
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This document was uploaded on 10/28/2011 for the course MUSC 144 at UNC.
- Fall '09