Class Notes - Block #1

Class Notes - Block #1 - 8/26/09 Western Europe was known...

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8/26/09 Western Europe was known as the realm of the Catholic Church. Medieval Europe didn’t live in a vacuum. o Byzantine Empire o Islamic Empire o Crusades were an example of this. Classical world existed till around 500 A.D. o Roman Empire o Urban o Pagan religions o Ancient o Philosophy Middle Ages (500-1500 A.D.) o Fragmented polities o Agrarian o Catholic Church o Religious education Modern Era (1500 A.D. – present) o Nation-states o Commercial o Reformation o Renaissance Stages of the Middle Ages o Early Middle Ages (500-1000 A.D.) Political Localism Economic Stagnation Cultural Limits o High Middle Ages (1000-1300 A.D.) Political Recovery Economic Growth Cultural Flourishing o Late Middle Ages (1300-1500 A.D.) Political Turmoil Plague/War Economic Downturn Cultural Crisis (8/31/09) Late antiquity o Long period of transformation between classical and medieval world. o Was not an ‘abrupt’ change. Roman Empire in 120 AD o 3000 miles across. o 50 million inhabitants.
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Mare Nostrum o ‘Our Sea’ What Romans called the Mediterranean. Empire centered around it. Latin and Greek are the two most important languages. Empire in a sense brought about an early form of globalization. Augustus military photo . o Imperator as head of army. o Able to ‘put boots on the ground.’ o Invokes military might and power. o Dress adds to this. Government had a large bureaucracy. o Local officials administered the day to day affairs. o Emperor bound the bureaucracy together. Augustus religious photo . o As Pontifex Maximus. Chief priest o Not only does he command the army but he maintains the empire’s relationship with the divine. o Must act as mediator between heaven and earth. o In addition to reforming the army, he built temples and donated money etc. Roman religion involved a great deal of ‘sacrifices.’ o Idea that if I give the gods something they may give me something in return. Many mystery cults existed. o Some people may worship a cult god at night and then sacrifice to the Roman gods by day. o Christianity was different. Refused to worship traditional gods. Thus they were persecuted. Crisis of the Third Century o Breakdown of order on the frontiers. o Several invasions from outside forces. o Political crisis back at home. From 240-284 AD, 25 emperors reign. Most were military rulers. o Stability of 1 st and 2 nd centuries is shaken. o In the late 3 rd century, order is restored. Diocletian does this when he assumes power in 284 AD. o Massive expansion of taxation occurs in the 3 rd century. Needed to pay for the army. o
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This document was uploaded on 10/28/2011 for the course HIST 107 at UNC.

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Class Notes - Block #1 - 8/26/09 Western Europe was known...

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