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Class Notes - Block #2

Class Notes - Block #2 - Iconoclasm Byzantine loss of...

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9/25/09 – Iconoclasm Byzantine loss of territory created a question for Christians o Why had it occurred? Led to conclusion that God must be unhappy with them o Crackdown on Iconoclasm began Worshipping idols was associated with paganism Many Christians believed having images is fine o You are not worshipping the image, but rather channeling prayers and faith through that image. Some Christians worry that idolatry is leading them to paganism Byzantine Emperor Leo III o Puts into effect policy of iconoclasm Decides that God is mad because of Iconoclasm Especially representations of Christ Synod of 754 – Church Council (Rosenwein, Reading the Middle Ages, pg. 81) o “Supported by the Holy Scriptures and the Fathers, we declare unanimously, in the name of the Holy Trinity, that there shall be rejected and removed and cursed out of the Christian Church every likeness (of Christ)” Rosenwein, Reading the Middle Ages , pg. 78 o John of Damascus, On Holy Images Defends icons as a means of worship Byzantine Emperors attempt to impose policy of Iconoclasm on Western Europe o Idea still exists, particularly in Italy, that the Emperor’s law should be obeyed in the west. o Pope Gregory II in 750 tells the Byzantines that he will not enforce iconoclasm Gregory looks to the Franks for assistance and support Deliberately break with Byzantine policy at Council of Frankfurt and condemn iconoclasm 9/28/09 LECTURE NINE (9/28) Lateran_mosaic1.jpg (372.524 Kb) THE CAROLINGIAN WORLD I Last week: the "making of the West," Byzantium and Islam This class: the greatest of the “post-Roman” barbarian kingdoms: the Carolingians A. ORIGINS OF THE CAROLINGIAN EMPIRE - the Rise of the Carolingians: Charles Martel and Pippin By 700’s, Merovingian kings are beginning to be replaced by the Major Domo o Kings become figure heads o Major Domo’s run the kingdom and lead the army etc Charles Martel
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o Major Domo o Begins the Carolingian line o Defeats Muslims in battle who had crosses the Pyrenes Martel claims to have saved Christiandom from the Muslims o Never king Pippin o Son of Charles Martel o Rules as Major Domo after death of father Pope begins to ask the Franks for assistance o Lombards are attempting to make the Pope a subject of their state - the making of “sacral kingship” Pippin decides to declare himself king (754) o Had discussion with Pope regarding who should be king, the Merovingian or the man who rules o Frankish aristocracy supported him o Already wielded all power o Pope Stephen II crosses the Alps and blesses Pippin Sacral Kingship o Beginning of Carolingian Dynasty Pippin leads army into northern Italy and subdues the Lombards in support of the Pope o Doesn’t wipe them out, but makes them a subject state Donation of Pippin o Frankish ruler recognizing that the Papacy has certain territorial claims Beginning of Papal States Territory technically belonged to the Byzantine Empire
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Class Notes - Block #2 - Iconoclasm Byzantine loss of...

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