Oct 28 - 1. From Khrushchev to Brezhnev a. When Khrushchev...

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1. From Khrushchev to Brezhnev a. When Khrushchev retires, not killed b. Brezhnev b.i. Of the old guard b.ii. Last soviet leader to be alive during soviet revolution 2. The Abandonment of Orthodox Ideologies during the cold war a. Marxist Irrelevancy a.i. Affluence and reality of communist oppression forced change in socialism a.ii. Planned economy a.iii. Arguments for socialism not very convincing a.iv. Argument about economic cycles didn’t have big effect a.v. Less industrial workers than beginning of postwar system a.v.1. More people in technology a.v.2. Service industry and finance a.v.3. All this is about the west a.vi. Idea of Marxism dictatorship of proletariats a.vii. Welfare state a.vii.1. Arguments for rights fall flat a.viii. Almost full employment a.ix. Socialists wondering what they are fighting for b. Socialism in 1960 b.i. A workers party? b.i.1. Especially when they see the champions of liberalism have abandoned liberal principles in establishing welfare states b.i.2. Why shouldn’t socialists make ideological consensus as well b.ii. Bad Goseburg b.ii.1. Socialists transform themselves in 1960 b.ii.2. Admire Marx as champion of people b.ii.3. Abandon Marxism as fundamental principle of political party b.ii.4. Say democratic socialism can grow up and stop calling itself the workers party but now the party representing all people b.ii.5. Became a watchdog for power of state and private industry b.ii.6. Ideological shift in socialist Europe c. Willy Brandt, Harold Wilson, et al. c.i. Willy Brandt c.i.1. Face for new socialist party c.i.2. Member of government c.i.3. Able to join coalition with Christian Democrats c.i.4. In Germany c.ii. Happened in labor party too c.iii. Innovation in business and industry c.iii.1. Harold Wilson face of change in socialism England d. Euro communism d.i. Development especially in Italy and Spain
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d.ii. Maintains more Marxist ideology d.iii. Pulls away from Leninism d.iv. Focuses on Marxist theories d.v. Says national communist parties shouldn’t be able to work with democratic systems d.vi. Criticize soviet system for not being democratic within its own party d.vii. Another move from communist way of Marxism e. Political consensus e.i. Last from 50’s-80’s e.ii. Controlling parties of left and right don’t have major differences in economic assumptions e.iii. All based on turning up the economy e.iv. Consensus between controlling body of left and right e.iv.1. Socialists e.iv.1.a. Transformation of socialism in 60’s f. Eastern Europe f.i. Also start to consensus in their parties
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This document was uploaded on 10/28/2011 for the course HIST 140 at UNC.

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Oct 28 - 1. From Khrushchev to Brezhnev a. When Khrushchev...

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