WG_211_Dev_of_Fairy_Tale_ZipesGould -...

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+WG 211 Women in Myth and Fairy Tale:  History of the Development of Fairy Tales Taken from Jack Zipes, "Breaking the Disney Spell", in From Mouse To Mermaid , Bell,  Elizabeth et. al., eds., Indiana University Press, 1995, pp. 21 - 42 [MRP note:  It is easy to assume that fairy tales are "universal", existing outside of class,  ethnicity, race, gender, etc.  For this reason, it's important to understand fairy tales as products of  particular cultures, and to see how they have evolved over time.] Fairy tales began as oral folk tales *Intended to explain natural occurrences (seasons, geographic formations) and celebrate  communal rites (harvest, weddings, births) *Emphasis was on communal harmony "The tales came directly from common experiences and beliefs.  Told in person, directly, face- to-face, they were altered as the beliefs and behaviors of the members of a particular  group changed." p. 22 15 th  century:   printing press, which produced immense revolution in the oral tradition of  storytelling *Different social class took over the tales; forms, themes, and presentation all changed "This change did not happen overnight, but it did foster discrimination among writers and their  audiences almost immediately so that distinct genres were recognized and approved for  certain occasions and functions within polite society or cultivated circles of readers."  p.  22 Late 17 th  century France:   literary tradition took Zaubermarchen (magic tales) and made them  into contes des fees (fairy tales) *Written for a courtly  audience *Based on many of the themes and types of the folk tales
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This note was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course ECON 125 taught by Professor Diannelabert during the Spring '11 term at Hamilton College.

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WG_211_Dev_of_Fairy_Tale_ZipesGould -...

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