DAY CARE essay - DAY CARE Day care refers to any temporary...

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DAY CARE “Day care” refers to any temporary care for a child provided by someone other than the parents or guardians they live with. It can include nurseries, childminders and nannies but doesn’t include residential nurseries or fostering. There are two main types of day care: nursery based care and family based care. Parents are currently entitled to free nursery places for all children aged three years and above. Nurseries are staffed by trained workers, may be attached to a primary school and often benefit from use of school facilities. Nurseries are inspected regularly and are required to plan their activities. On the other hand, family based care includes registered childminders, nanny/au pair and informal arrangements. In the care of childminders, the child is looked after in the childminder’s house rather than at their own home. The childminder often has young children of their own so the child is likely to have others to play with. Childminders are registered and inspected by Ofsted, as with nurseries. Nannies take care of the child in the child’s own home, so the child is likely to be with their siblings rather than with children from other families. Informal arrangements include childcare by relatives or neighbours. This is often unpaid and has received little systematic research. Different types of day care are not the same. The above settings differ in the number of children looked after by each adult and the amount of attention each child receives. In family based settings children are likely to receive the most attention and lower number of other children available to play with, whereas in nursery settings children receive the least attention but the highest number of children to interact with. Melhuish (1990) carried out a quasi-experimental research on the differences between children cared for by three different types of day care settings: care by relatives, care by childminders and a private nursery. Melhuish assessed the children at 18 months and three yearsfor their language skills and social behaviour. At 18 months, babies who had been cared for by relatives showed highest levels of language skills – this was shown to be least developed in those children attending nursery. At three years, the nursery children were still slightly behind the relative care group in terms of language abilities but they showed higher levels of pro-social behaviours such as sharing, cooperation, and empathy. This study suggests that there may be different potential gains for children in each setting. There are arguments over whether day care has a positive or negative influence on a
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This note was uploaded on 10/27/2011 for the course ECON 125 taught by Professor Diannelabert during the Spring '11 term at Hamilton College.

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DAY CARE essay - DAY CARE Day care refers to any temporary...

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