324 SPR 2011 Russell Schllumpberger Analyzing Genres Used in Fisheries Management

324 SPR 2011 Russell Schllumpberger Analyzing Genres Used in Fisheries Management

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Running Head: ANALYZING GENRES USED IN FISHERIES 1 Analyzing Genres Used in Fisheries Management Russell Schlumpberger North Dakota State University Abstract
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ANALYZING GENRES USED IN FISHERIES Writing in fisheries management with the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (MNDNR) incorporates many genres, ranging from informal emails to professional journal articles, and anywhere in between. Genre and genre repertoire are important to understand in all career fields today in order to be successful. There are elements that make up all genres and all these elements can be examined when looking at different documents. Elements are able to define genres. I looked at the elements of exigence, audience, and formatting and visual presentation, and applied them to three documents. A public document, titled “For the Love of Pike”, by Greg Breining. A research report, titled “Seasonal and Diel Variation in Electrofishing Size-Selectivity and Catch-Per-Hour of Largemouth Bass in Minnesota Lakes”, by Michael C. McInerny and Timothy K. Cross. I also looked at a lake survey report for Belle Lake, by the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) and MNDNR. Genre, genre repertoire, and the elements of genre are important to understand so you know when to use a certain genre, which will help you be successful in your career. Analyzing Genres Used in Fisheries Management
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ANALYZING GENRES USED IN FISHERIES Every career field today requires specialized forms of writing. These specialized forms of writing are also known as genres. Genres in career fields are defined as “organizational communication…is a distinctive type of communicative action, characterized by a socially recognized communicative purpose and common aspects of form.” (Orlikowski and Yates, 1994, p. 543). Knowledge of how the common forms, or genres, of writing in your career are done will give you an advantage in not only obtaining a job, but also in performing your job well. Writing in the fisheries field varies widely. Email and notes are used to communicate with other employees. There are documents and stories shared with the public through newspapers and magazines. A large portion of the writing is technical writing that will be used within the organization for further studies or made available to the public if they wish to see the documents. Examining the article “Genre Repertoire: The Structuring of Communicative Practices in Organizations”, by Wanda J. Orlikowski and JoAnne Yates helps give an understanding of what a genre in writing is. Genres consist of several elements including: audience and context; exigence and purpose; content and organization; terminology and phrasing; formatting and visual presentation; and tone and point of view. These elements can be applied to documents of different genres. The elements of audience, exigence, and formatting and visual presentation will be applied to three documents of different genres in the fisheries field: a public document, a research report, and a lake survey report.
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