note for week 5 - 4/29/11 Post-war Changes in Music...

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4/29/11 Post-war Changes in Music Industry Rise of Indies in 1940s *WHY?? -1930s slump in record sales (indies wiped out in30s) -disputes over royalties 1914 ASCAP formed 1941 ASCAP strike against radio: BMI gives space for country , R&B < country R&B western music expanded its audience during the war> 1942-44 AFM strike against recording cos: bye bye big band < attention shift away from band and instrumentalist towards a new generation of crooners>(AFM: misican strikes: killed big band) - wartime migration of southerners to cities< target audience> -youth marketing -regional radio programming - m agnetic tape makes studio recording more affordable RHYTHM AND BLUES Jump Bands< the top recordings of late 1940s and early 1950s> Regional blues styles LISTEN: “ Shake, Rattle, and Roll” Big Joe Turner (1954) online CD3:12 back beat 12-bar blues, verse and chorus riffs , in the jump R&B style, riffs rock&roll, harmonic form, saxf <Later in 1954vBill Haley and the Comets recorded a rendition of S R R, 1. emphasizes guitar rather than saxophone, 2. Rhythmic feeling more to western swing than jump blues, R&B, 3, song’s text, change the male and female sexual organs> 4 Big Joe Turner's roots were also in the Kansas City shouting style, and he developed his technique singing with swing bands and boogie-woogie piano players. This is a 12-bar blues, with swing-band style riff patterns. In the mid-50s this song was covered by Bill Haley, who cleaned up the lyrics to produce a version acceptable to white-controlled AM radio stations. Turner's success was generally restricted to the black R & B audience; Haley's version was a big pop hit. Chicago Blues: Chess records (Phil and Leonard) LISTEN : Muddy Waters "Hoochie Coochie Man" (1953) online CD3:10( . . . . .) amplified guitar, bass, drums, < the best example of latter theme> Ahmet Ertegun) < R&B played an important role as a stylized medium for enacting sexual politics> “More amplified instrument. . compared to earlier blues, not 12-bar blues(4-4-12), but 8- 4-4. and it’s modified 16 bar blues . call and response form Chicano industrial. . Louis Armstrong. . immigration to Chicago. . new style of blues. . country blues… jewish immigrants Chicago. . “
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Muddy Waters was "discovered" in the Mississippi Delta by folk song collectors John and Alan Lomax, who recorded him for the Library of Congress. Two years later, in 1943, he left for Chicago, part of a massive movement of blacks from the South. In 1948 Muddy recorded for the Chess label, playing electric guitar with bass accompaniment by Big Crawford. Though still clearly rooted in Delta blues style, Muddy's early Chess recordings marked the beginning of electric blues in Chicago. Sold at first through record stores, groceries and barbershops in South Chicago, his records became popular both in the city and in the South, and launched Muddy's career. The
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note for week 5 - 4/29/11 Post-war Changes in Music...

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