week 7 outline - Community Culture and the Music Industry...

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Community Culture and the Music Industry *As a cultural phenomenon, what did rock and roll and the folk music movement have in common? -folk music ideology of community building; rock and roll brought people together also, on a bigger scale -both counter cultural -stylistic connections (e.g. Elvis’ country voice, guitar styles, song forms, etc.) *What are some important differences? -rock more attuned to teenagers, folk to college age and above? -folk music more explicitly political -folk scene’s anti- commercialism and mistrust of media vs. rock’s professionalism and integration into the music industry MOTOWN Founded by Berry Gordy in 1960 (originally Tamla records). Artists: e.g. Stevie Wonder, Marvin Gaye, Diana Ross, Michael Jackson, and many others Hit-making: Career support In-house song-writing and production Crossover Uncontroversial “Motown sound” (another example of producer’s importance) -lush instrumental background - back beat guitar strum – lead vocalist prominent over back-up LISTEN: “ My Girl” Temptations (1965)CD 5:11 SOUL *What does “soul” mean? -passion, depth of personal expression -spiritual/religious connotation of immortal soul -African American style and culture
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Performing in a style derived from vocal R&B; quartets, The Temptations were the most successful male vocal group of the 1960s and early 70s. Their success was based on Motown's efficient promotion machine, and on a combination of David Ruffin's rough- edged lead vocals, the group's urgent harmonies, and precise choreography. "My Girl" went to #1 on the pop and R&B; charts in 1965. On this recording a basic drum pattern, bass part, and guitar riff (in this case acting as the song's hook or signature) combine to form the musical core, over which are added layers of vocals, strings, and horns. Notice how the snare-drum, rhythm-guitar, and finger-snaps accent beats 2 and 4 of each measure, maintaining a compelling dance rhythm, even at a slow tempo. Ray Charles Aretha Franklin LISTEN: Respect” Aretha Franklin CD7:8(1967) Atlantic records Interaction between the instrumental and voice( call and After touring as a gospel singer in her teens, Aretha Franklin ("Lady Soul") spent five frustrating years with major record label Columbia attempting to define her sound. In 1967 she signed with Atlantic Records and began working with producer Jerry Wexler. Her gospel background is evident in her strong voice and impassioned delivery. The saxophone solo is by King Curtis, an important session musician during this period. Aretha had 13 top ten hits between 1967 and 1974, and scored a comeback during the 1980s. James Brown LISTEN: Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag” CD7:6(1965) Strong backbeat 12-bar blues polyrhythmic texture
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This note was uploaded on 10/28/2011 for the course MUSIC 162 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '05 term at University of Washington.

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week 7 outline - Community Culture and the Music Industry...

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