L9 Behavior Therapies

L9 Behavior Therapies - Then progressively move through...

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Characteristics of Autism 76% male, 24% female 29% with IQ of 70 up Majority from middle to lower class families Race is irrelevant ½ institutionalized by age 18 (10% in NC) Lifespan is normal
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Behavior Therapies Reinforcement therapy: Typical situation Voluntary response  reinforcement Examples: Johnny and his teacher Autism movie Biofeedback Autonomic response
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Behavior Therapies (Behavior Modification, Behavioral Analysis) Stimulus Relearning: When put in a situation or the presence of a stimulus and you have a strong emotional response, it is likely you will have the same response when again exposed to that situation or stimulus.
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Systematic Desensitization Hierarchy of Anxiety Provoking Events (low to high for claustrophobia) Large classroom (Poe 216) Small classroom (Poe 520) Seminar room (Poe 500) - - - Elevator - - - Footlocker
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Systematic Desensitization Progressive Muscle Relaxation Starting with a muscle group (right fist) tighten and relax muscles until very relaxed.
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Unformatted text preview: Then progressively move through other muscle groups (forearms, bicepts/tricepts, head, neck, etc.) relaxing them and comparing to original group until the body is completely relaxed. Systematic Desensitization In a session the client uses progressive muscle relaxation until the body is totally relaxed. Now the client calls up the image of the least anxiety producing event from the hierarchy and tries to maintain relaxation. Once this is accomplished he/she moves to the next event until eventually the most anxiety producing event can be imagined while relaxed. Systematic Desensitization • Surprisingly the therapy with images generalizes to the real-world situation. • Therapy can typically be accomplished in 6 to 10 sessions. • In some situations therapy can be done with actual stimuli (a dog) in vivo. • Sometimes flooding can be used; the high-anxiety situation is immediately encountered....
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This note was uploaded on 10/28/2011 for the course PSY 200 taught by Professor Craig during the Spring '08 term at N.C. State.

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L9 Behavior Therapies - Then progressively move through...

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