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BULE Part 1 chap 1 -

BULE Part 1 chap 1 - - Law a system that promotes social...

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Law a system that promotes social order & justice by establishing rules of conduct for members of society Justice laws those rules that the court of the specific jurisdiction will recognize & enforce - role of courts Bi-Cameral Legislature two chambers : House of Representative & Senate Jurisprudence scientific study of law as an analytic discipline, "What is source of law?" two "Schools of Thought": Natural Law Theorists ultimate source of law is external to our culture & society & thus source of law is God Historical Law Theorists law evolves over time as a logical consequence of customs & traditions thus source of law is humans Adversarial System attorneys play dominant role in court proceedings Inquisitorial System judges play dominant role in court proceedings Doctrine of Stare Decisis (Precedent) practice of deciding new cases with reference to former decisions from that same jurisdiction with similar facts - more predictable, efficient, consistent, flexibility to new changes Substantive Law law that defines, describes , regulates, creates legal rights & obligations Procedural Law law that establishes the methods of enforcing the rights established by substantive law Civil Law branch of law dealing with definition & enforcement of all private/public rights Criminal Law wrongs committed against society for which society demands redress National Law laws that pertains to a particular nation International Law laws that governs relations among nations Common law body of a general rules that applied throughout the entire English realm, precedent, judge & legislator, Adversarial Civil Law legal system based on a written code of law, Roman Empire, no precedent, legislator only, Inquisitorial Constitutional Law supreme law of the land, derived from US Constitution & various states Statutory Law body of law enacted by legislative bodies, laws passed by congress or state legislatures Ordinances laws, rules, orders, enacted by a city/county legislative body to govern matters not covered in state & Federal Administrative Law rules, laws, orders, of an administrative agencies in order to carry out duties Adjudicate when judge heard & decides issues when an agency charges a person for violating a law of the agency Case Law rules of law announced in court decisions Ethics reflective process which individuals, social groups & social institutions evaluate their actions from the perspective of moral principles & values (study of what constitutes right or wrong behavior) Business Ethics reflective process whereby businesses & their employees evaluate their actions, policies, decision-making processes from the perspective of moral principles & values Moral Minimum legal compliance, simply obeying the law does not guarantee ethical behavior Deontology focused upon duty to others & respecting human rights, "how" to play game/do something Utilitarianism
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