deviance4 - Chapter 6: Deviance & Crime Chapter I. What...

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Chapter 6: Chapter 6: Deviance & Crime
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I. What is Deviance? Deviance = Any behavior, belief, or condition that significantly differs from social norms of a group or a society. Usually, when we address deviance here, we are talking about behavioral deviance.
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Consider the following: How does the social situation affect what is considered deviant? How does the society or “audience” affect what is considered deviant? Relatedly, read page 177-178 in Kendall, 5th ed. Kai Erikson’s excerpt)
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Deviance… An act, belief, or condition becomes deviant when the group or society defines it thusly. How does TIME PERIOD affect what is considered deviant? How do social statuses affect what is considered deviant, i.e ., can people in some ascribed OR achieved statuses get away with certain behaviors more than others?
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Deviance… Stigma = A powerfully negative label given by society that can radically alter a person’s self-concept. Deviance ranges in its “ degree of seriousness (e.g., going against a folkway vs. breaking the law).
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3 types of norms : 1) folkways : informal norms dealing with etiquette or manners. Deviating from these norms brings short-term, informal sanctioning. 2) mores : norms having moral significance. Deviating from these norms is more serious; may bring outcasting. 3) (criminal) laws : formal norms that are written down and legally enforced (by the govt.). (formal sanctioning)
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II. What is Social Control? social control = the practices that groups or societies develop to encourage conformity and discourage deviance. 2 forms
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deviance4 - Chapter 6: Deviance & Crime Chapter I. What...

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