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Unformatted text preview: Jake Unger COMM 546 Final Review Lecture 1 1. Plays – roots of western dramaturgy, stem from ancient Greece and ARISTOTLE a. Unity of action- The notion that a play should have one main action that it follows, with few or no subplots. Anything that doesn’ty fit the forward movement of the story should be disgarded 2. ALEXANDRE DUMAS – French writer employs 12 writers to help get all his ideas down on paper – becomes first “writing factory”. His son continues and attempts to establish a universal structural direction with his “Boulevard Comedies.” 3. HENRIK IBSEN, Norway (1828-1906) embraces the theory of the well-made-play put forth by EUGENE SCRIBE and VICTOREAN SARDOU a. The characters now become more complex and dimensional. In order to proceed they have to fight through their own weaknesses and delusions. Sometimes they fail and the results are tragic. Previous action is revealed through exposition, follows a tight series of causally-related plot complications, leads to a climax. b. WILLIAM ARCHER codifies it all in 1912 into “Play- Making: A Manual of Craftmanship.” c. 191 America GEORGE PIERCE BAKER introduces the US to a similar tome called “Dramatic Technique” Theatre is for the educated. 1870s industrial revolution – people move to cities. Escape of vices of life is the theatre for the common man Melodrama . A mirror for their experience. A way of addressing their grim realties by fantasizing a more just and satisfying world. No internal conflict or ambiguity for this crowd. There’s a hero (generally dressed in white). Young and idealistic. And a villain (dressed in black)…Selfish and socially-dangerous. And, of course, there’s a victim…usually the girl. It’s all about action . The hero wins the girl, the villain loses everything. It’s the birth of the happy-ending !!! – Commercial Storytelling – visual is key for audience. 4. Stage machinery in these times is what keeps butts in the seats. Now special effects. 5. Scenic artists become the most important members of the production . Begin working with live animals, water, and fire, people want realism, not suspending disbelief. EADWARD MUYBRIDGE – Develops Stop-motion technique of a female body in a sequence, creates the idea of the motion picture . These Muybridge experiments are regarded as the first filmed stories . Audiences no longer have to be in the same time-frame to have the exact same experience . LELAND STANFORD – Hires Muybridge to settle horse bet by contriving a photographic apparatus to analyze the motion of the horse, set up trigger wires to cameras. Muybridge goes on to incorporate the ideas of European stop-motion experimenter ETIENNE JULES DE MAREY……and create a rotating device of his images called the zoopraxiscope. And the phenakitoscope....
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- Fall '10