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Midterm 2 Review Guide

Midterm 2 Review Guide - Renaiscance Drama Italian Drama...

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Renaiscance Drama Italian Drama – secular, revival of Roman and Greek plays Italian Theater Frons Scaena – flat front wall used in Roman theater, Olympic Theater Begun to use scenery and painted backgrops to suggest change in location Proscenium Arch – frame that surrounded the stage, permitting audience to look in on the scene Commedia dell’ Arte-slaptstick, , comedy performed by professionals, improvised scripts, based on burla – general plot for any given performance and lazzo – comic routines Burlesque-comedy popular in first half of twentieth century centering on broad gags, routines and running jokes Stock Characters-pedantic lawyers, braggart captain, and a serving maid Pantalone – magisterial, miserly old man Arlecchino (Harlequin) – cunning clown Punch and Judy - lovers Pulcinella- the punch of punch Judy and Columbina – innocent zanni (servant characters) Wore masks for older characters – looked grotesque Elizabethan Drama Repertory-stock of perhaps a dozen current plays they could perform Elizabethan Theater-started in square inn yards with a balcony above, early theaters were octagonal or circular, stage raised about five feet from the ground, and later theaters were open- air Elizabethan actor – declamatory mode in which actor stands and makes his voice heard through large and noisy audience, played to audience as much as to each other, boys played girls Elizabethan Audience –groundlings, public playhouses, university theaters, indoor private theaters and royal command performances Masque-special entertainment of royalty, celebration that included a rudimentary plot, singing and dancing, and magnificent costumes and lighting, performed usually once, audiences participated in the dances Spanish Theater – open theatrical space, resembling inn yard, Lope de Vega, Pedro Calderon de la Barca, gifted in producing philosophical and poetic dialogue Restoration: Rebirth of Drama – Charles II, theater blackballed for 20 years -Neoclassicism – harmony, symmetry, balance in everything structural and clear moral themes were evident – focused on honor, moral integrity, self sacrifice and heroic political subjects -French theater, let girls play roles, Jean Baptiste Poquelin, Moliere, comic playwright Theater in England-Restoration- upbeat comedies, long and narrow theaters, enclosed on artificial lighting, receding space for painted backdrops, actors could enter and leave by side doors on stage or through scenic stage, Restoration Comedy in England – Alphra Behn – first professional woman playwright on the English stage, John Dryden – most highly regarded playwright – heroic dramas in rhymed verse, wrote tragicomedies, marriages of convenience were often the target of restoration playwrights -Comedies of manners – reveal the foibles of society –
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18 th Century Drama – David Garrick (natural style on stage) , manager of Drury Lane Theater,
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